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Although only 44% identical to human karyopherin alpha 1, human karyopherin alpha 2 (Rch1 protein) substituted for human karyopherin alpha 1 (hSRP-1/NPI-1) in recognizing a standard nuclear localization sequence and karyopherin beta-dependent targeting to the nuclear envelope of digitonin-permeabilized cells. By immunofluorescence microscopy of(More)
We have isolated five cDNA clones for rat liver catalase (hydrogen peroxide:hydrogen peroxide oxidoreductase, EC 1.11.1.6). These clones overlapped with each other and covered the entire length of the mRNA, which had been estimated to be 2.4 kilobases long by blot hybridization analysis of electrophoretically fractionated RNA. Nucleotide sequencing was(More)
The amino-terminal presequences of rat peroxisomal 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase precursors (types A and B) were reported to be cleavable signal peptides for peroxisomal protein translocation. In the present study, this was proven by immunoelectron microscopy of the cultured Chinese hamster ovary cells stably expressing fusion proteins of the amino-terminal(More)
To examine the function of the amino-terminal presequence of rat peroxisomal 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase precursor, fusion proteins of various amino-terminal regions of the precursor with non-peroxisomal enzymes were expressed in cultured mammalian cells. On immunofluorescence microscopy, all constructs carrying the presequence part exhibited punctate patterns(More)
cDNA clones for rat acyl-CoA oxidase were isolated. The 3.8-kilobase mRNA sequence of the enzyme was completely covered by two overlapping clones. The composite cDNA sequence consisted of 3741 bases and contained a 1983-base open reading frame which encodes a polypeptide of 661 amino acid residues. Two species of acyl-CoA oxidase cDNA were identified. They(More)
cDNA clones of rat peroxisomal 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase were isolated. By blotting analysis using the cDNAs as probes, the mRNA for this enzyme was estimated to be about 1.9-kilobase pairs. Elevation of mRNA levels in the liver with administration of di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate was also evident. Sequencing analysis revealed 1,272 bases of the open reading(More)
We isolated and analyzed the genes for rat peroxisomal 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase. Two active genes (termed A and B), both likely to be coding for the peroxisomal thiolase, were identified per haploid rat genome. These genes span approximately 9 and 11 kilobases, respectively, and both contain 12 exons and 11 introns, with overall similar organizations. The(More)
The biosynthesis of three major peroxisomal membrane polypeptides of rat liver was investigated. Total hepatic RNA extracted by the guanidinium/CsCl method from three control and three di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (a peroxisomal proliferator)-fed rats was translated in vitro in a rabbit reticulocyte lysate protein-synthesizing system. Translation products were(More)
For the studies on the mechanism of induction of peroxisomal beta-oxidation enzymes and biogenesis of the organelle, we have isolated cDNA clones for rat peroxisomal enoyl-CoA: hydratase-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase bifunctional enzyme. On blotting experiments with liver RNA, the cDNAs hybridized to a 3.0-kilobase RNA which was increased 5-7-fold by the(More)
Finite difference time domain (FDTD) analysis has been successfully formulated for solving diffusion equation in biological tissues. Time-dependent diffusion equations are approximated by FDTD equations by assigning diffuse photon fluence rates and radiant flux defined in the diffusion equations to Yee meshes. At the boundary between scattering and no(More)