Masanori Gomi

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Embryonic stem (ES) cells are a promising donor source for transplantation therapy, but several problems must be solved before they can be clinically useful. One of these is the host immune reaction to allogeneic grafts. In this article, we examine the effect of the host immune reaction on survival and differentiation of grafted ES cell-derived neural(More)
For the safe clinical application of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) for neurological diseases, it is critical to evaluate the tumorigenicity and function of human ESC (hESC)-derived neural cells in primates. We have herein, for the first time, compared the growth and function of hESC-derived cells with different stages of neural differentiation implanted in(More)
Enhanced matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) can cause vasogenic edema and hemorrhagic transformation after cerebral ischemia, and affect the extent of ischemic injury. We hypothesized that the endogenous MMP inhibitors, tissue inhibitor of MMPs (TIMPs), were essential to protect against blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption after ischemia by regulating the(More)
Safe and efficient transplantation of embryonic stem (ES) cells to the brain requires that local inflammatory and immune responses to allogeneic grafts are inhibited. To investigate cytokines that affect graft cell survival and differentiation, we used stromal cell-derived inducing activity to induce the differentiation of neural progenitor cells (NPCs)(More)
Thioredoxin (Trx) is a 12-kDa protein ubiquitously expressed in all living cells that fulfills a variety of biological functions related to cell proliferation and apoptosis. It is characterized by the highly conserved reduction/oxidation (redox)-active site sequence Trp-Cys-Gly-Pro-Cys-Lys. Trx acts as a powerful antioxidant and plays an important role in(More)
The authors report the case of a 25-year-old man with a thoracolumbar extradural arachnoid cyst who underwent expansive duraplasty. Symptoms, preoperative magnetic resonance imaging features, and intraoperative findings suggested the involvement of entrapment neuropathy in the manifestation of symptoms. To the authors' knowledge, this case represents the(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies reported that cerebral microbleeds (CMBs), i.e. small areas of signal loss on T(2)*-weighted gradient-echo (GE) imaging, could develop rapidly after acute ischemic stroke. We hypothesized that CMBs rapidly emerge after carotid artery stenting (CAS). OBJECTIVE We investigated the frequency of and predisposing factors for CMBs(More)
Cerebral ischemia causes neuronal death and disruption of neural circuits in the central nervous system. Various neurological disorders caused by cerebral infarction can severely impair quality of life and are potentially fatal. Functional recovery in the chronic stage mainly depends on physical treatment and rehabilitation. We aim to establish cell therapy(More)
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells possess the properties of self-renewal and pluripotency, similar to embryonic stem cells. They are a good candidate as a source of suitable cells for cell replacement therapy. In this study, we transplanted human iPS cell-derived neural progenitors into an ischemic mouse brain. Human iPS cells were differentiated into(More)
Bow hunter's stroke results from vertebrobasilar insufficiency due to a mechanical occlusion or stenosis of the vertebral artery caused by head rotation. We report here a case of bow hunter's stroke that was successfully treated with endovascular surgery. A 69-year-old male complained of intractable vertigo when he rotated his head to the right side.(More)