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OBJECTIVE We examined the relationship among the serum omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid (O3FA and O6FA) levels, serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, and arterial stiffness/wave reflection (AS/WR) in healthy Japanese men. METHODS In 2206 Japanese healthy men, parameters related to the AS/WR (i.e., brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity and radial arterial(More)
BACKGROUND The present study was conducted to clarify whether azelnidipine might have beneficial effects on autonomic functions, and whether such beneficial effects might affect the vascular functions (i.e., arterial stiffness and endothelial function). METHODS AND RESULTS This study with a cross-over design was conducted in 21 hypertensive patients (65(More)
We examined whether the central aortic systolic blood pressure, a marker of the function of the systemic arterial tree, might be a more powerful predictor of the development of hypertension than the brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity, a marker of the stiffness of the large- to middle-sized arteries, independent of the conventional risk factors for the(More)
OBJECTIVES We prospectively and longitudinally determined the effects of smoking on the progression of arterial stiffening as well as the involvement of inflammation in this process. BACKGROUND Smoking is an important avoidable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and arterial stiffness might be involved in the pathophysiology. No prospective study has(More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated the temporal association between arterial stiffening and the early stage of renal functional decline. METHODS In 2053 Japanese employees with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of > or = 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2) plus no proteinuria (40+/-8 years old) at the start, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and serum C-reactive(More)
BACKGROUND This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted to clarify whether serum cystatin C levels might be associated with not only arterial stiffness, but also the pressure wave reflection, in middle-aged Japanese subjects with normal renal function or mild chronic kidney disease (CKD) (stage 1 or 2 CKD) (i.e., creatinine-based estimate of the(More)
The present study was conducted to clarify whether body mass index (BMI [kg/m(2)]) classifications (i.e., without excess weight, overweight, and obese) modify the rate of progression of arterial stiffening, a cardiovascular risk factor associated with weight gain. A 3-year observational study was conducted in 2,080 healthy middle-aged Japanese men (aged(More)
The safety and efficacy profile of caspofungin and micafungin in Japanese patients with fungal infections were directly compared in this prospective, randomized, double-blind study. The proportion of patients who developed significant drug-related adverse event(s) (defined as a serious drug-related adverse event or a drug-related adverse event leading to(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated whether the changes in the insulin sensitivity observed in hypertensive patients following treatment with an angiotensin II receptor blocker (candesartan) or calcium-channel antagonist (amlodipine) might be related to improvement of the endothelial function (END) and/or plasma level of high-sensitive C-reactive protein (CRP)(More)
BACKGROUND We examined whether in addition to producing a greater degree of improvement of the arterial stiffness, long-term angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) treatment might also have a more beneficial effect on the cardiac diastolic dysfunction than long-term calcium-channel blocker (CCB) treatment; we also evaluated the association between the(More)