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Muscle force (MF) is linearly related to physiological cross-sectional area (CSA), which is obtained from muscle volume (MV) divided by fibre length. Taking into account the fact that joint torque (TQ) is determined by MF multiplied by the moment arm, the maximal TQ would be a function of MV. This proposition was tested in the present study by investigating(More)
The relation between local circulation and alternate muscle activity among knee extensor synergists was determined during low-level sustained knee extension at 2.5% of maximal voluntary contraction for 60 min in seven subjects. Blood volume of rectus femoris (RF) and vastus lateralis (VL) was assessed by using near-infrared spectroscopy. Surface(More)
  • T Muraoka, Y Kawakami, M Tachi, T Fukunaga
  • 2001
Muscle fascicle lengths of vastus lateralis (VL) muscle were measured in five healthy men during slow pedaling to investigate the interaction between muscle fibers and tendon. Subjects cycled at a pedaling rate of 40 rpm (98 W). During exercise, fascicle lengths changed from 91 +/- 7 (SE) to 127 +/- 5 mm. It was suggested that fascicles were on the(More)
This study aimed to examine the influences of circulatory difference on the utilization of O(2) and the progression of fatigue in the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle during dorsiflexion exercise, with reference to different body postures. The subjects performed intermittent static dorsiflexion at 50% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) up to exhaustion(More)
We report a 5-year-old boy with lysosomal glycogen storage disease and normal acid maltase activity. This patient, the fourth reported in the literature, was referred to our hospital for evaluation of elevated serum GOT, GPT, and CK activities. He had neither muscle weakness nor atrophy. Echocardiography demonstrated marked thickening of the(More)
This study determined mechanical power during movements specific to maximal walking and running using a non-motorized treadmill in 38 elderly [69.4 (5.0) years] and 50 young [24.3 (3.4) years] men. The mean mechanical power over a period of time covering six steps, during which the belt velocity peaked and then kept almost plateau, was determined as a(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of fatigue resulting from exhaustive pinching exercise on frontal and motor cortex activity. Eight healthy subjects (four male and four female) participated in the present study. All subjects performed at 70% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) pinching exercise until reaching a state of volitional(More)
We report 2 patients with childhood autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy. Both patients had slight muscle weakness without enlargement of the calf muscles or involvement of the facial muscles. Their clinical courses are static. Muscle histology revealed characteristic features of muscular dystrophy. Dystrophin was identifiable in the sarcolemma of both(More)
The present report describes the histochemical and biochemical findings of biopsied muscles in a 26-year-old male with myophosphorylase deficiency. Histochemical analysis of the first biopsy specimen revealed that the phosphorylase activity was absent, corresponding to an absent band at 94,000 Da on the basis of sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel(More)