Masanobu Onozaki

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This study is the first investigation on Japanese isolates of Prototheca zopfii from bovine mastitis and the cow-barn surroundings by molecular characterization to clarify routes of infection for bovine protothecal mastitis. We performed isolation of Prototheca from cow-barn surroundings (drinking water, sewage and feces) and milk samples from cases of(More)
Prototheca zopfii causes bovine mastitis, resulting in reduced milk production and the secretion of thin watery milk with white flakes. Prototheca zopfii has been biochemically and serologically divided into at least 2 genotypes, P. zopfii genotype 1 and P. zopfii genotype 2. The latter is known to be the main causative agent of bovine protothecal mastitis.(More)
Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a novel, rapid nucleic acid amplification method with high specificity and sensitivity under isothermal conditions. In this study a LAMP assay for diagnosing Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) was developed. Oligonucleotide primers specific for Pneumocystis species were designed corresponding to 18S rRNA gene(More)
The study has been conducted to assess the applicability of partial 26S ribosomal DNA sequence for the phylogenic analysis of P.zopfii and to arrive relationships between specific genotype of P.zopfii and clinical mastitis. The phylogenetic analysis indicated that all genotype 2 isolates were grouped into the cluster of type strain of P.zopfii. Thus, all(More)
In this study, a specific quantitative PCR system for the detection and identification of Prototheca zopfii genotypes was developed using a TaqMan(®) MGB probe and ResoLight dye. The P. zopfii-specific primers 18PZF1 and 18PZR1 were generated on the basis of the alignment of the small subunit ribosomal DNA domain base sequences of the genera Chlorella and(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is responsible for an increasing number of serious nosocomial and community-acquired infections, and accurate methods to detect such strains are needed. We tested the susceptibility of 3 kinds of MRSA isolation medium, MRSA Screen Agar, Oxacillin Resistance Screening Agar and CHROMagar MRSA. Both(More)
Prototheca zopfii causes bovine mastitis that leads to reduced milk production. Since P. zopfii isolates from mastitis have been assigned P. zopfii genotype 2, it suggests that this genotype is the etiologic agent of the infection. However, isolates of P. zopfii have not been investigated with regard to their in vitro drug susceptibility. In this study, we(More)
A comparison of several media, i.e., potato dextrose agar with olive oil (Oil-PDA), modified Dixon agar (mDIX) and variations of Leeming and Notman agar (LNA) for the isolation and growth of Malassezia and Candida species was examined. Since LNA supported the highest growth of Malassezia species its key components, i.e., ox bile, glycerol monostearate,(More)
Ability for growth support and species differentiation by colony features were compared on two commercial chromogenic agars, CHROMagar Candida and newly developed Pourmedia Vi Candida. Eleven strains (ten species) of standard strains and twenty-four isolates (five species) of clinical strains were tested. All isolates were grown on both agar plates in 48(More)