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Gene mutations of Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) have been discovered in familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Oxidative stress also plays a role in the pathogenesis of sporadic ALS. Whether antioxidant therapy is beneficial in this fatal disease is now crucial. We have shown that SOD treatment improves neuromuscular dysfunction and morphological(More)
We studied trophic effects of angiotensin II, vasopressin, cholecystokinin, and oxytocin on explanted ventral spinal cord cultures from 13- and 14-day-old rat embryos. There was a significant neurite promoting effect of the spinal cord cultures by using angiotensin II, vasopressin, and cholecystokinin. Cholecystokinin had the most potent effect at any(More)
We studied trophic effects of angiotensin II, vasopressin and oxytocin on explanted ventral spinal cord cultures from 13-14-old day rat embryos. There was a significant neurite promoting effect in angiotensin II and vasopressin-treated cultures. Angiotensin II had the most potent effect at any concentrations. It became clear that minimum effective(More)
R(-)-1-(benzo[b]thiophen-5-yl)-2-[2-(N,N-diethylamino) ethoxy]ethanol hydrochloride (T-588) enhances acetylcholine release from the frontal cortex and hippocampus in rats, and can ameliorate cognitive dysfunction in various amnesia models of rodents. T-588 protects rat cerebellar granule cells from glutamate neurotoxicity in culture. This agent also(More)
Gene mutations of superoxide dismutase (SOD) have been discovered in familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS), endothelial NOS and 3-nitrotyrosine immunoreactivities are selectively increased in the spinal motoneurons of sporadic ALS. Other study suggests that 3-nitrotyrosine immunoreactivity is enhanced in the(More)
We studied the trophic effects of various neuropeptides, including substance P (SP), thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), neurotensin (NT) and bombesin (BN) on explanted cultures of ventral spinal cord from 13- to 14-day-old rat embryos. In groups, receiving one type of drug only, there was a significant neurite-promoting effect (NPE) in SP, TRH and(More)
The performance of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) on selective neuropsychological tests was examined in regard to the applicability of such examinations to diagnosis. Eighteen patients with ALS, and 15 age- and education-matched controls were given a battery of tests designed to assess motor and intellectual functions. The ALS group(More)
Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), a multipoietic factor, on a variety of neurons, prevents axotomy-induced motoneuron loss and can improve the outcome of murine motor neuron disease (MND). We carried out a study to determine whether other cytokines rescue spinal motoneurons from axotomy-induced cell death. Unilateral sciatic nerve was transected in(More)
We have examined whether S100 beta rescues axotomized spinal motor neuron death. Animals that had undergone transection of the sciatic nerve at birth were treated either with S100 beta, or the vehicle. The number of surviving motor neurons and the motor neuron diameter was assessed 14 days later. Treatment with S100 beta rescued motor neuron death and(More)