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The successful applications of magnesium-based alloys as degradable orthopaedic implants are mainly inhibited due to their high degradation rates in physiological environment and consequent loss in the mechanical integrity. This study examines the degradation behaviour and the mechanical integrity of calcium-containing magnesium alloys using electrochemical(More)
The mechanical integrity of resorbable implants during service, especially in load bearing orthopaedic applications, is critical. The high degradation rate of resorbable magnesium and magnesium-based implants in body fluid may potentially cause premature in-service failure. In this study, a magnesium alloy (AZ91) was potentiostatically coated with(More)
The aim of this work was to understand the effect of microgalvanic degradation on secondary phase particles in magnesium alloys under in vitro condition. Pure magnesium and Mg17 Al12 (β-phase) were galvanically coupled in simulated body fluid and the degradation behavior was studied using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The galvanic coupling(More)
In this study, the influence of living cells (L929) on the in vitro degradation behaviour of a magnesium-calcium alloy was investigated using an electrochemical technique in the Eagle's minimum essential medium (EMEM) with 10% foetal bovine serum (FBS) under 5% CO2 atmosphere. The degradation of the alloy increased significantly in the medium containing the(More)
Magnetization measurements have been used to determine the effect of magnetic impurities (Fe) on the Larkin-Ovchinnikov (LO) 3D collective pinning model in NbSe2 single crystals. Upon increasing the concentration of Fe impurities, the superconducting critical current density enhances appreciably compared to pure NbSe2 reflecting the fact that the addition(More)
Various tetrasubstituted pyrroles/pyrazoles have been prepared from nitro-substituted 1,3-enynes with aromatic amines/hydrazines via a copper-catalyzed cascade aza-Michael addition, cyclization and aromatization at room temperature. This protocol is also effective for the synthesis of tetrasubstituted pyrazoles in high yields.
The study suggests that biowastes (eggshells and urine) can be potentially used as precursors to produce hydroxyapatite (HAp) biomaterial in a simple chemical process. A batch reactor was used in this work to produce HAp powder from eggshells and synthetic urine (SU). Fine powder of calcined eggshells was dissolved in water to produce aqueous calcium(More)
In this study, an attempt was made to improve the packing density of calcium phosphate (CaP) coating on a magnesium alloy by tailoring the coating solution for enhanced degradation resistance of the alloy for implant applications. An organic solvent, ethanol, was added to the coating solution to decrease the conductivity of the coating solution so that(More)
In this study, the in vitro degradation behaviour of titanium-tantalum (Ti-Ta) alloys (10-30 wt.% Ta) was investigated and compared with conventional implant materials, i.e., commercially pure titanium (Cp-Ti) and titanium-aluminium-vanadium (Ti6Al4V) alloy. Among the three Ti-Ta alloys studied, the Ti20Ta (6.3×10(-4) mm/y) exhibited the lowest degradation(More)