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- M Oguri
- Science
- 1964

The rectal glands of elasmobranchs perform the function of salt-excreting organs. These glands are smaller and show regressive changes in specimens of the bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas found in fresh-water environment, compared with specimens of this and other species from a marine habitat.

- Yue Shen, Michael A. Strauss, +10 authors Neta A. Bahcall
- 2006

We study the two-point correlation function of a uniformly selected sample of 4,428 optically selected luminous quasars with redshift 2.9 ≤ z ≤ 5.4 selected over 4041 deg from the Fifth Data Release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We fit a power-law to the projected correlation function wp(rp) to marginalize over redshift space distortions and redshift… (More)

We study the arc statistics of gravitational lensing generated by dark matter halos in order to probe their density profile. We characterize the halo profile by two parameters, the inner slope of the central cusp α, and the median amplitude of the concentration parameter, cnorm, for a halo of mass 10 14h−1M at z = 0, and compute the numbers of tangential… (More)

- Massimo Meneghetti, Rodolfo Argazzi, +5 authors Masamune Oguri
- 2006

Aims. We investigate how ellipticity, asymmetries and substructures separately affect the ability of galaxy clusters to produce strong lensing events, i.e. gravitational arcs, and how they influence the arc morphologies and fluxes. This is important for those studies aiming, for example, at constraining cosmological parameters from statistical lensing, or… (More)

Statistics of lensed arcs in clusters of galaxies serve as a powerful probe of both the non-sphericity and the inner slope of dark matter halos. We develop a semi-analytic method to compute the number of arcs in triaxial dark matter halos. This combines the lensing cross section from the Monte Carlo ray-tracing simulations, and the probability distribution… (More)

- Masamune Oguri
- 2006

Time delays between lensed multiple images have been known to provide an interesting probe of the Hubble constant, but such application is often limited by degeneracies with the shape of lens potentials. We propose a new statistical approach to examine the dependence of time delays on the complexity of lens potentials, such as higher-order perturbations,… (More)

- Masamune Oguri, Naohisa Inada, +8 authors Jon Brinkmann
- 2006

We present an algorithm for selecting an uniform sample of gravitationally lensed quasar candidates from low-redshift (0.6 < z < 2.2) quasars brighter than i = 19.1 that have been spectroscopically identified in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). Our algorithm uses morphological and color selections that are intended to identify smalland large-separation… (More)

- Masamune Oguri, Naohisa Inada, +31 authors Erin Scott Sheldon
- 2007

We present cosmological results from the statistics of lensed quasars in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Quasar Lens Search. By taking proper account of the selection function, we compute the expected number of quasars lensed by early-type galaxies and their image separation distribution assuming a flat universe, which is then compared with 7 lenses… (More)

The distribution of differential time delays ∆t between images produced by strong gravitational lensing contains information on the mass distributions in the lensing objects as well as on cosmological parameters such as H0. We derive an explicit expression for the conditional probability distribution function of time delays P (∆t | θ), given an image… (More)

- MASAMUNE OGURI
- 2002

We predict the fraction of dark halo lenses, that is, the fraction of lens systems produced by the gravitational potential of dark halos, on the basis of a simple parametric model of baryonic compression. The fraction of dark halo lenses primarily contains information on the effect of baryonic compression and the density profile of dark halos, and is… (More)