Masamitsu Watanabe

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The bacterial community structure in the Changjiang estuary was studied for comparison with future changes, related to the construction of the Three Gorges Dam. Population densities of bacteria in the surface water at station C1 estimated by CFU on marine agar plates and by DAPI direct count, were 2.8 x 10(4) ml(-1) and 4.2 x 10(5) ml(-1), respectively.(More)
Two-dimensional electrons in a magnetic field can form new states of matter characterized by topological properties and strong electronic correlations as displayed in the integer and fractional quantum Hall states. In these states, the electron liquid displays several spectacular characteristics, which manifest themselves in transport experiments with the(More)
Soft X-ray emission spectroscopy of aqueous myoglobin upon Fe 2p core excitation was carried out using a liquid cell with a 150 nm-thick polyimide window in a high vacuum chamber below 1×10−7 Pa. Fe 2p soft X-ray emission from the heme center of a met-myoglobin powder was effectively detected compared to that of an Fe2O3 powder. Fe 2p soft X-ray emission(More)
Sulfur dioxide (SO2), a typical gaseous compound found in the atmosphere, corrodes metals, particularly outdoors. When SO2 adsorbs on the surface electrolyte, it easily dissolves, resulting in the formation of protons (H+) and bisulfite ions (HSO3). The former reduces the pH of the surface electrolyte, which promotes metal dissolution. Silver and copper are(More)
The surface valence-band densities of states (DOS) of Pt(3)M (M=Ti,V,Cr,Fe,Co,Ni) polycrystalline alloys were investigated with ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy. Upon annealing the ion-sputter-cleaned alloys at high temperatures, the observed valence-band DOS spectra clearly show the modified electronic structures on the surfaces suggesting the(More)
Soft X-ray emission and absorption spectra in the O K region of oxygen incorporated in microporous carbon were measured using synchrotron radiation, in order to directly observe the oxygen and identify its chemical bonding states on the graphitic surface in microporous carbon. The O K X-ray emission spectrum exhibits a peak at 526 eV with a low-energy tail,(More)
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