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The Polycomb group (PcG) gene Bmi-1 has recently been implicated in the maintenance of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) from loss-of-function analysis. Here, we demonstrate that increased expression of Bmi-1 promotes HSC self-renewal. Forced expression of Bmi-1 enhanced symmetrical cell division of HSCs and mediated a higher probability of inheritance of(More)
Polycomb-group (PcG) proteins are essential regulators of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). In contrast to Bmi1, a component of Polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1), the role of PRC2 and its components in hematopoiesis remains elusive. Here we show that Ezh2, a core component of PRC2, is essential for fetal, but not adult, HSCs. Ezh2-deficient embryos died(More)
The histone acetyltransferases (HATs) of the MYST family include TIP60, HBO1, MOZ/MORF, and MOF and function in multisubunit protein complexes. Bromodomain-containing protein 1 (BRD1), also known as BRPF2, has been considered a subunit of the MOZ/MORF H3 HAT complex based on analogy with BRPF1 and BRPF3. However, its physiologic function remains obscure.(More)
During T-cell development, Cd8 expression is controlled via dynamic regulation of its cis-regulatory enhancer elements. Insufficiency of enhancer activity causes variegated Cd8 expression in CD4(+)CD8(+) double-positive (DP) thymocytes. Brd1 is a subunit of the Hbo1 histone acetyltransferase (HAT) complex responsible for acetylation of histone H3 at lysine(More)
Recent advances in stem cell biology have identified tumor-initiating cells (TICs) in a variety of cancers including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Polycomb group gene products such as BMI1 and EZH2 have been characterized as general self-renewal regulators in a wide range of normal stem cells and TICs. We previously reported that Ezh2 tightly regulates(More)
Polycomb group (PcG) proteins are involved in gene silencing through chromatin modifications. Among polycomb repressive complexes (PRCs), PRC1 exhibits H2A-K119 ubiquitin E3 ligase activity. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying PRC1-mediated gene silencing remain largely obscure. In this study, we found that Bmi1 directly interacts with(More)
BACKGROUND Polycomb group (PcG) proteins play a crucial role in cellular senescence as key transcriptional regulators of the Ink4a/Arf tumor suppressor gene locus. However, how PcG complexes target and contribute to stable gene silencing of the Ink4a/Arf locus remains little understood. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We examined the function of Zinc(More)
The polycomb group (PcG) proteins, particularly Bmi1, have an essential role in maintaining the self-renewing capacity of leukemic stem cells (LSCs). Although one of their major targets in LSCs is known to be the Ink4a/Arf tumor suppressor gene locus, the role of PcG proteins in the leukemic reprogramming of target cells into LSCs is not well characterized.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Polycomb group proteins initiate and maintain gene silencing through chromatin modifications and contribute to the maintenance of self-renewal in a variety of stem cells. Among polycomb repressive complexes (PRCs), PRC2 initiates gene silencing by methylating histone H3 lysine 27, and PRC1 maintains gene silencing through(More)
OBJECTIVE Fus is the gene for a member of the FET family of RNA-binding proteins often involved in chromosomal translocations to generate oncogenic fusion genes in human cancers. Fus participates in multiple cellular functions, including RNA processing and transport, transcriptional regulation, and genome integrity. However, its role in hematopoiesis(More)