Masamitsu Negishi

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The Polycomb group (PcG) gene Bmi-1 has recently been implicated in the maintenance of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) from loss-of-function analysis. Here, we demonstrate that increased expression of Bmi-1 promotes HSC self-renewal. Forced expression of Bmi-1 enhanced symmetrical cell division of HSCs and mediated a higher probability of inheritance of(More)
Recent advances in stem cell biology have identified tumor-initiating cells (TICs) in a variety of cancers including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Polycomb group gene products such as BMI1 and EZH2 have been characterized as general self-renewal regulators in a wide range of normal stem cells and TICs. We previously reported that Ezh2 tightly regulates(More)
Polycomb-group (PcG) proteins are essential regulators of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). In contrast to Bmi1, a component of Polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1), the role of PRC2 and its components in hematopoiesis remains elusive. Here we show that Ezh2, a core component of PRC2, is essential for fetal, but not adult, HSCs. Ezh2-deficient embryos died(More)
Polycomb group (PcG) proteins are involved in gene silencing through chromatin modifications. Among polycomb repressive complexes (PRCs), PRC1 exhibits H2A-K119 ubiquitin E3 ligase activity. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying PRC1-mediated gene silencing remain largely obscure. In this study, we found that Bmi1 directly interacts with(More)
The histone acetyltransferases (HATs) of the MYST family include TIP60, HBO1, MOZ/MORF, and MOF and function in multisubunit protein complexes. Bromodomain-containing protein 1 (BRD1), also known as BRPF2, has been considered a subunit of the MOZ/MORF H3 HAT complex based on analogy with BRPF1 and BRPF3. However, its physiologic function remains obscure.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Polycomb group proteins initiate and maintain gene silencing through chromatin modifications and contribute to the maintenance of self-renewal in a variety of stem cells. Among polycomb repressive complexes (PRCs), PRC2 initiates gene silencing by methylating histone H3 lysine 27, and PRC1 maintains gene silencing through(More)
The Polycomb group (PcG) gene Bmi-1 has recently been implicated in the maintenance of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). However, the role of each component of PcG complex in HSCs and the impact of forced expression of PcG genes on stem cell self-renewal remain to be elucidated. To address these issues, we performed both loss-of-function and gain-of-function(More)
Polycomb group (PcG) genes are involved in the maintenance of cellular memory through epigenetic chromatin modifications. Recent studies have implicated a role for PcG genes in the self-renewal of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), a process in which cellular memory is maintained through cell division. Among the PcG genes, Bmi-1 plays a central role in the(More)
Faithful control of cell cycle checkpoint and DNA repair contributes to prevent the cells from chromosomal instability and tumorigenesis. Dnmt1-associated protein 1 (Dmap1), a component of the NuA4 histone acetyltransferase complex, was originally identified as an interacting molecule with DNMT1 which co-localizes with PCNA at DNA replication foci. However,(More)
BACKGROUND Polycomb group (PcG) proteins play a crucial role in cellular senescence as key transcriptional regulators of the Ink4a/Arf tumor suppressor gene locus. However, how PcG complexes target and contribute to stable gene silencing of the Ink4a/Arf locus remains little understood. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We examined the function of Zinc(More)