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High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) was performed on 15 patients who had diffuse peripheral lung disease, and the findings were compared with those of conventional chest radiography and histologic examination. Bullae, interstitial fibrosis with honeycombing, and small granulomas were more clearly and specifically demonstrated on HRCT scans than on(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND" Human thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is expressed in the human asthmatic lung and activates dendritic cells (DCs) to strongly induce proallergic T-helper type 2 (Th2) cell responses, suggesting that TSLP plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of human asthma. Th2 cells are predominantly involved in mild asthma, whereas a(More)
The pharmacokinetics of 5-(3-tert.-butylamino-2-hydroxy)-propoxy-3,4-dihydrocarbostyril hydrochloride (carteolol hydrochloride, OPC-1085) have been investigated in man following single or repetitive oral administration. The plasma half-lives. The plasma half-lives of carteolol at single doses of 10, 15 and 30 mg were 5.4, 5.5 and 5.0 h, respectively. The(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was performed to evaluate the evolution of peripheral lung adenocarcinomas using CT findings and histologic classification related to tumor doubling time. MATERIALS AND METHODS The subjects were 34 patients, each with an adenocarcinoma smaller than 3 cm. All patients underwent chest radiography and 10 of them had previously undergone(More)
Eckol (1), a novel phlorotannin with a dibenzo-1,4-dioxin skeleton, has been isolated from the brown alga Ecklonia kurome Okamura as a potent and specific anti-plasmin inhibitor. Its structure has been elucidated based on the spectral data, in particular, by means of negative nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE), and finally established as(More)
To determine the effect of mineral fibers and cigarette smoke on remodeling of lung tissues, we examined matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1), MMP-2, tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), TIMP-2, and types I and IV collagen mRNA levels from rat lungs exposed to mineral fibers and/or cigarette smoke in vivo. Male Wistar rats (10 weeks of age) were(More)
Monocrotaline, an alkaloid obtained from Crotalaria spectabilis, provides an experimental model for studies of mesangiolysis as seen in Habu venom poisoning and hemolytic-uremic syndrome. Renal lesions induced in rats by a single intraperitoneal administration of monocrotaline were examined by light and electron microscopy. Two weeks after the injection(More)
Several properties of cadherin-4 and cadherin-5 were characterized by using the cDNA transfection approach. The proteins of both cadherins had a relative molecular mass of about 130 kDa and were present at the cell periphery, especially at cell-cell contact sites. These cadherins were easily digested with trypsin, and Ca2+ protected cadherin-4, but not(More)
AIM The outcomes of video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy for clinical stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with comorbidities were examined to determine the technical feasibility and safety of this procedure. METHODS Between January 2002 and December 2007, 111 consecutive patients with suspected stage I lung cancer, who individually had(More)
A 22-year-old female was referred to the hospital suffering from a persistent, non-productive cough and repeated exacerbations of a right lower zone infiltrate suggestive of pulmonary sequestration. Angiography revealed an aberrant artery that originated from the left side of the descending aorta, crossed the aorta anteriorly, flowed through the right lower(More)