Masamine Jimba

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To describe the current situation of intimate partner violence (IPV) in Sri Lanka, and to propose possible interventions to prevent IPV, we performed a literature survey for articles and reports on IPV in Sri Lanka. Our results suggested that prevalence of IPV is high (40%) in Sri Lanka. Most of the IPV studies were conducted in health care institutions and(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure the seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and syphilis, and to assess the behavioural risk factors for these infections among migrant-returnees and non-migrants in far western Nepal. METHODS In April 2001, we recruited 97 male migrant-returnees and 40 non-migrants from five rural villages in Doti district(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine Nepali migrants' vulnerability to HIV/sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and their possible role in causing the epidemic in far western Nepal. METHODS From August to October 2000, we conducted six focus group discussions among 53 returned migrants from India, mainly from Mumbai. Data were analysed by interpretative thematic(More)
Parental deaths due to AIDS seriously affect the psychological well-being of children. Social support may provide an effective resource in the care of vulnerable children in resource-limited settings. However, few studies have examined the relationships between social support and psychological well-being among AIDS orphans. This cross-sectional study was(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate HIV/AIDS training for traditional healers (THs) in far western Nepal. METHODS We collected data using a structured questionnaire and assessed THs' knowledge of HIV transmission, misconceptions and preventive measures immediately prior to the initial training conducted from June to December 1999, and then 9-12 months after the(More)
BACKGROUND In many developing countries, adolescents have become increasingly prone to engage in habitual risky sexual behavior such as early sexual initiation and unprotected sex. The objective of this study was to identify the operation of risk and protective factors in individual, family, peer, school, and community domains in predicting risky sexual(More)
BACKGROUND HIV care providers may be optimally positioned to promote smoking behaviour change in their patients, among whom smoking is both highly prevalent and uniquely harmful. Yet research on this front is scant, particularly in the developing country context. Hence, this study describes smoking behaviour among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between maternal perceptions of insufficient milk and breastfeeding confidence using the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS Two hundred and sixty-two in-hospital breastfeeding mothers in Japan. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE Breastfeeding self-efficacy was measured in-hospital and(More)
School children have been increasingly recognized as health messengers for malaria control. However, little evidence is available. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of school-based malaria education intervention on school children and community adults. This study was conducted in the Dangme-East district of the Greater Accra Region,(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of HIV/AIDS has exacerbated the impact of childhood undernutrition in many developing countries, including Tanzania. Even with the provision of antiretroviral therapy, undernutrition among HIV-positive children remains a serious problem. Most studies to examine risk factors for undernutrition have been limited to the general(More)