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We have shown previously that chromosome VI of Saccharomyces cerevisiae contains nine origins of DNA replication that differ in initiation frequency and replicate sequentially during the S phase of the cell cycle. Here we show that there are links between activation of these multiple origins and regulation of S-phase progression. We study the effects of a(More)
Translational activation of dormant cyclin B1 mRNA stored in oocytes is a prerequisite for the initiation or promotion of oocyte maturation in many vertebrates. Using a monoclonal antibody against the domain highly homologous to that of Drosophila Pumilio, we have shown for the first time in any vertebrate that a homolog of Pumilio is expressed in Xenopus(More)
BACKGROUND No method for the clinical diagnosis of MM2-type sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) has been established except for pathologic examination. OBJECTIVE To identify a reliable marker for the clinical diagnosis of MM2-type sCJD. METHODS CSF, EEG, and neuroimaging studies were performed in eight patients with MM2-type sCJD confirmed by(More)
Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) is a neuroendocrine tumor comprising a subgroup of large cell carcinoma and is a type of lung cancer showing a neuroendocrine characteristic similar to that of small cell lung carcinoma In our institution, we started to diagnose LCNEC by immunostaining in 2002, and we herein report 9 patients diagnosed with LCNEC(More)
The association between human T cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV) type I tax variation and disease outcome was studied. The tax gene was sequenced in 61 patients with HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP), 55 patients with adult T cell leukemia, and 62 healthy carriers (HCs). Phylogenetic analysis revealed 2 tax gene subgroups(More)
Janus kinases (Jaks) play an important role in signal transduction via cytokine receptors. Tyk2 is a Janus kinase, and we developed tyk2-deficient mice to study the requirement for tyk2 in vivo. Tyk2-deficient mice show no overt developmental abnormalities; however, they display a lack of responsiveness to a small amount of IFNalpha, although a high(More)
BACKGROUND A complete set of nine ARSs was identified (the tenth ARS in this paper), mapped on chromosome VI of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and characterized for functional elements. RESULTS The level of activity of all ARSs as chromosomal replication origins was determined by neutral/neutral 2D gel-electrophoresis. These origins were classified into three(More)
The balance between Th1 and Th2 development is determined by IL-4 and IL-12. While the role for CD4+ NK1.1+ T (NKT) cells in influencing this balance has been recognized based on their capacity to produce IL-4, it is unknown how IL-12 is produced in the innate immune system in which they participate. This study demonstrates that Ag-activated CD4+ NKT cells(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of three-dimensional reconstructed images from rotational digital subtraction angiography in the surgical treatment of intracranial aneurysms. METHODS Twenty-two patients with 34 intracranial aneurysms underwent biplane angiography (40 degrees per s, 4.5 degrees per image, 8.8 frames per s). Three-dimensional(More)
Isolates of human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) were phylogenetically analyzed from native inhabitants in India and South America (Colombia and Chile) and from Ainu (regarded as pure Japanese descendants from the preagricultural "Jomon" period). Their genomes were partially sequenced together with isolates from Gabon in central Africa and from Ghana(More)