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The diversity and succession of microbial communities during the garbage composting with rice hull as an amendment were studied by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and clone library analysis of PCR-amplified 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) with universal primers. Based on temperature changes, the composting process could be divided into thermophilic,(More)
Two 3-phosphoglycerate kinase genes (pgk1 and pgk2) were cloned from Rhizopus niveus. It was deduced that both pgk genes have two introns. They have open reading frames of 1355 bp and 1356 bp, and code for proteins of 417 and 416 amino acids, respectively. The first introns of both genes are located at similar positions as those of pgk genes from other(More)
We have cloned a pyr4 gene encoding orotidine-5′-monophosphate decarboxylase of the filamentous fungus Rhizopus niveus. The pyr4 gene of R. nivens has an open reading frame composed of 265 amino-acid residues and has two putative introns. We have also isolated a pyr4 mutant of Rhizopus delemar from 5-fluoroorotic acid-resistant mutants and transformed it(More)
We propose a novel replacement algorithm, called Inter-Reference Gap Distribution Replacement (IGDR), for set-associative secondary caches of processors. IGDR attaches a weight to each memory-block, and on a replacement request it selects the memory-block with the smallest weight for eviction. The time difference between successive references of a(More)
The functions of two previously identified chitin synthase genes in Aspergillus nidulans, chsB and chsD, were analysed. First, a conditional chsB mutant was constructed in which the expression of chsB is under the control of a repressible promoter, the alcA promoter, of A. nidulans. Under repressing conditions, the mutant grew slowly and produced highly(More)
A Gram-positive poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB)-degrading bacterial strain was isolated from compost. This organism, identified as Bacillus megaterium N-18-25-9, produced a clearing zone on opaque NB-PHB agar, indicating the presence of extracellular PHB depolymerase. A PHB depolymerase gene, PhaZ(Bm), of B. megaterium N-18-25-9 was cloned and sequenced, and(More)
A gene encoding phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) was isolated from the genomic library of C. maltosa to construct an expression vector for this yeast. The PGK gene had an open reading frame of 1251 base pairs encoding approximately 47-kDA polypeptide of 417 amino-acid residues. Expression of this gene assayed by Northern-blot analysis was significantly induced(More)
Chitinases are thought to be involved in the morphogenesis and autolysis of filamentous fungi. We cloned a gene (chiB) encoding a class V chitinase from Aspergillus nidulans. ChiB expressed in Escherichia coli had chitin-hydrolyzing activity, indicating that chiB encoded a chitinase. Deletion of chiB affected neither germination efficiency nor hyphal growth(More)
Rhizopus niveus has been transformed to blasticidin S resistance by vectors containing the bacterial blasticidin S resistance gene under the control of a Rhizopus promoter. Southern analysis of the total DNA from transformants indicated that the introduced DNA was rearranged, and that one of the transformants harbored extrachromosomal plasmids with(More)
We have studied whether a chitinase involved in cell autolysis of a filamentous fungus,Rhizopus oligosporus, can operate as an antifungal defense system in tobacco. Thechi1 gene was introduced into tobacco by theAgrobacterium tumefaciens leaf disc system. Among 22 transgenic tobacco plants, 2 were selected and their individual homozygous progeny, Tch1-1 and(More)