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We propose a novel replacement algorithm, called Inter-Reference Gap Distribution Replacement (IGDR), for set-associative secondary caches of processors. IGDR attaches a weight to each memory-block, and on a replacement request it selects the memory-block with the smallest weight for eviction. The time difference between successive references of a(More)
The diversity and succession of microbial communities during the garbage composting with rice hull as an amendment were studied by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and clone library analysis of PCR-amplified 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) with universal primers. Based on temperature changes, the composting process could be divided into thermophilic,(More)
The functions of two previously identified chitin synthase genes in Aspergillus nidulans, chsB and chsD, were analysed. First, a conditional chsB mutant was constructed in which the expression of chsB is under the control of a repressible promoter, the alcA promoter, of A. nidulans. Under repressing conditions, the mutant grew slowly and produced highly(More)
DCFA-MPI is an MPI library implementation for Intel Xeon Phi co-processor clusters, where a compute node consists of an Intel Xeon Phi co-processor card connected to the host via PCI Express with InfiniBand. DCFA-MPI enables direct data transfer between Intel Xeon Phi co-processors without assistance from the host. Since DCFA, a direct communication(More)
Chitinases are thought to be involved in the morphogenesis and autolysis of filamentous fungi. We cloned a gene (chiB) encoding a class V chitinase from Aspergillus nidulans. ChiB expressed in Escherichia coli had chitin-hydrolyzing activity, indicating that chiB encoded a chitinase. Deletion of chiB affected neither germination efficiency nor hyphal growth(More)
The oleaginous yeast, Lipomyces starkeyi, is an excellent lipid producer with great industrial potential. However, methods for molecular breeding have not been established for L. starkeyi. We describe the development of a system for targeted rDNA integration of multiple copies of a gene into L. starkeyi genome by spheroplast-polyethylene glycol(More)
Among the eight genes (YlALK1-YlALK8) encoding P450 cytochromes of the CYP52 family of the n-alkane-assimilating yeast Yarrowia lipolytica, Y1ALK1 is most highly induced by n-alkanes with short hydrocarbon chains, such as n-decane, and involved in the initial hydroxylation of n-alkane. To determine the factors regulating YlALK1 expression, we isolated an(More)
Two sets of experiments were conducted to examine the effects of two sensory modalities, temperature and taste, of foods on perceptual and motor aspects of swallowing in 20 young, healthy subjects (10 subjects for each experiment). A tasteless and odorless thickening agent was the basic testing material. The first experiment compared the swallowing of foods(More)
tRNA 3' processing endoribonuclease (3' tRNase) is an enzyme responsible for the removal of a 3' trailer from precursor tRNA (pre-tRNA). We purified approximately 85 kDa 3' tRNase from pig liver and determined its partial sequences. BLAST search of them suggested that the enzyme was the product of a candidate human prostate cancer susceptibility gene,(More)
In Sphingomonas paucimobilis UT26, LinD and LinE activities, which are responsible for the degradation of gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane, are inducibly expressed in the presence of their substrates, 2,5-dichlorohydroquinone (2,5-DCHQ) and chlorohydroquinone (CHQ). The nucleotide sequence of the 1-kb upstream region of the linE gene was determined, and an open(More)