Masamichi Oshima

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A single protein, termed Gag, is responsible for retrovirus particle assembly. After the assembled virion is released from the cell, Gag is cleaved at several sites by the viral protease (PR). The cleavages catalyzed by PR bring about a wide variety of physical changes in the particle, collectively termed maturation, and convert the particle into an(More)
In Greater Tokyo, many people commute by train between the suburbs and downtown Tokyo for 1 to 2 h per day. The spread of influenza in the suburbs of Tokyo should be studied, including the role of commuters and the effect of government policies on the spread of disease. We analyzed the simulated spread of influenza in commuter towns along a suburban(More)
Severe respiratory disease arising from influenza virus infection has a high fatality rate. Neutrophil myeloperoxidase (MPO) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of severe influenza-induced pneumonia because extracellularly released MPO mediates the production of hypochlorous acid, a potent tissue injury factor. To search for candidate anti-influenza(More)
Replication of infectious hepatitis C virus in Huh7 cells, a human hepatocyte cell line, has become possible due to the unique properties of the JFH1 isolate. Developing reporter virus systems for a simple titration has been attempted by integrating heterologous reporter genes into the JFH1 genome, resulting in a big infectivity reduction that limits the(More)
The initiation of translation in hepatitis C virus (HCV) occurs at the internal ribosome entry site (IRES) located at the 5'-end of its genomic RNA. To study the function of HCV IRES, we constructed a reporter plasmid that generates a bicistronic mRNA encoding two fluorescent proteins: cap-dependent DsRed2 and IRES-dependent Azami Green (AG). We introduced(More)
Murine leukemia virus (MLV) produces the unspliced RNA and the singly spliced RNA at a proper ratio at a time. To identify cis-elements involved in the production of the unspliced RNA, we examined the level of unspliced RNA in a series of mutants derived from a prototype Moloney MLV mutant gag-encoding G3.6. Our present data indicated that nt 1560-1906(More)
A 75-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital complaining of right hypochondrial pain. Echo sonography and computed tomography demonstrated a large tumor with irregular internal density in the right lobe of the liver. Angiography revealed a moderately hypervascular tumor. She was treated with transcatheter arterial embolization. Three weeks later, the(More)
The demand for rapid and simple development of a vaccine against a newly emerging infectious disease is increasing worldwide. We previously revealed that UV-inactivated severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) virions (UV-V) elicited high levels of humoral immunity and a weak Th0 response in mice immunized subcutaneously.(More)
In order to establish immunological detection methods for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV), we established monoclonal antibodies directed against structural components of the virus. B cell hybridomas were generated from mice that were hyper-immunized with inactivated SARS-CoV virion. By screening 2,880 generated hybridomas, we(More)