Masamichi Mori

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Various accumulating evidence suggests that survivin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family, plays an important role in drug resistance and cancer cell survival in many types of cancer, including hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC). Here, we characterized YM155, a novel small-molecule survivin suppressant, using a survivin gene promoter(More)
Antitumor activities of YM155, a novel small-molecule survivin suppressant, were investigated in a wide variety of human cancer cell lines and xenograft models. YM155 inhibited the growth of 119 human cancer cell lines, with the greatest activity in lines derived from non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, hormone-refractory prostate cancer, ovarian cancer, sarcoma,(More)
Activation of anaplastic lymphoma receptor tyrosine kinase (ALK) is involved in the pathogenesis of several carcinomas, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Echinoderm microtubule-associated protein like 4 (EML4)-ALK, which is derived from the rearrangement of ALK and EML4 genes, has been validated as a therapeutic target in a subset of patients(More)
L-Arginine is the substrate for the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) pathway that is essential for gastrointestinal wound healing. L-Arginine is also the substrate for the enzyme arginase which metabolizes L-arginine to ornithine and subsequently to proline and polyamines both known to interact in cell proliferation and collagen synthesis. Two distinct isoforms(More)
Ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC; EC 2.1.3.3), the second enzyme of the urea cycle, is a nuclear DNA-coded mitochondrial protein. OTC deficiency is the most common inborn error of the urea cycle and shows an X-linked inheritance. As expression of the OTC gene is confined to the liver and small intestine, studies on the molecular basis of OTC deficiency and(More)
In the treatment of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) rituximab improves long-term survival in combination with conventional chemotherapy. However, because the majority of patients with B-NHL eventually relapse, the development of more effective therapies is needed. Here, we evaluated the antitumor effects of a combination treatment involving sepantronium(More)
YM155, a novel small-molecule that down-regulates survivin, exhibits broad, potent antitumor activity against a range of human tumors. We evaluated the activity of YM155 in aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma. In a number of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma lines, YM155 exhibited 50% growth inhibition with values between 0.23 and 3.9 nM. Within in vivo xenograft(More)
This study examined and compared the effects of four-week intermittent and daily administrations of minodronic acid, a highly potent nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate, on bone mineral density (BMD), bone strength, bone turnover, and histomorphometry on established osteopenia in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. Fourteen-week-old female F344 rats were OVX or(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized from arginine by nitric-oxide synthase (NOS), and citrulline that is generated can be recycled to arginine by argininosuccinate synthase (AS) and argininosuccinate lyase (AL). Rats were injected with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and expression of the inducible isoform of NOS (iNOS), AS and AL was analysed. In RNA blot(More)
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) has a poor prognosis compared to other subtypes, and effective treatment options are limited to cytotoxic agents, including microtubule-targeting agents, due to the lack of molecular targets. Here, we examined the combined effect of sepantronium bromide (YM155) and microtubule-targeting agents in TNBC models. The(More)