Masamichi Kojiro

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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the leading causes of cancer death not only in Japan but also worldwide. Clinical practice guidelines for HCC were first published in 2001 by the European Society of Study of the Liver (EASL) followed by the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD) published in 2005 and updated in 2010. However,(More)
In the 17th Nationwide Follow-up Survey of Primary Liver Cancer in Japan, 18 213 individuals were newly registered as patients with primary liver cancer at 645 medical institutions over a period of 2 years (from 1 January 2002 to 31 December 2003). Of these patients, 94.2% had hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and 4.1% had intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma(More)
The work of liver stem cell biologists, largely carried out in rodent models, has now started to manifest in human investigations and applications. We can now recognize complex regenerative processes in tissue specimens that had only been suspected for decades, but we also struggle to describe what we see in human tissues in a way that takes into account(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is thought to take an important role in tumor angiogenesis. The present study examined VEGF expression immunohistochemically in hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) in various histological grades and sizes. In HCCs that were composed of cancerous tissues of single histological grade, VEGF expression was the highest in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS To elucidate the survival of the patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who underwent transcatheter arterial lipiodol chemoembolization (TACE) and to analyze the factors affecting the survivals. METHODS During the last 8 years, a nationwide prospective cohort study was performed in 8510 patients with unresectable HCC(More)
Hepatic resection (HX), percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI), and transcatheter arterial embolization (TCAE) have all been used in the treatment of patients with small-sized hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). However, the indications for these therapeutic modalities remain unclear. Therefore, the first step to minimize the debate on these indications is to(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX) is a key enzyme in the synthesis of prostanoids. Two isoforms of this enzyme have been identified: COX-1 and COX-2. Recent studies have suggested that COX-2, but not COX-1, may play a role in colorectal tumorigenesis. In the present study, we investigated the expression of COX-2 as well as COX-1 in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)(More)
It has been established that small, equivocal nodular lesions such as dysplastic nodules (DNs) and small well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinomas (early HCCs) are frequently observed in noncancerous liver tissues resected along with HCCs and in explant cirrhotic livers. DNs are classified into low-grade DNs or high-grade DNs on the basis of cytological(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The treatment of choice for HCC remains controversial. We evaluated the therapeutic impact of surgical resection, PEI, and RFA for HCC on outcomes. METHODS A database derived from a Japanese nationwide survey of 17,149 patients with HCC treated by resection, PEI, or RFA between 2000 and 2003 was used to identify 7185 patients with no more(More)
In this study, we have investigated the underlying molecular mechanism for the potent proapoptotic effect of luteolin on human hepatoma cells both in vitro and in vivo, focusing on the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3)/Fas signaling. A clear apoptosis was found in the luteolin-treated HLF hepatoma cells in a time- and(More)