Masamichi Ishioka

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Although depression has been associated with decreased brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels for specific personality traits, there is a little information regarding the association between peripheral BDNF levels and such traits. The sample consisted of 178 healthy Japanese subjects (age range, 37.4 ± 11.5 years). All subjects filled out the(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity among patients with schizophrenia is a growing concern because being overweight is widely regarded as a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and premature death. Dietary patterns have been suggested as one modifiable factor that may play a role in development of obesity. The objective of this study was to examine the association(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have reported associations between Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) dimension scores and the response to treatment in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). We aimed to determine which TCI items could predict the response to treatment with paroxetine in patients with MDD. METHODS Seventy-three patients were(More)
INTRODUCTION The efficacy of treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) can differ depending on the patient's serotonin transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) genotype, and the effects of varying plasma concentrations of drugs can also vary. We investigated the association between the(More)
BACKGROUND The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is a psychological test that is frequently used to assess personality traits. Many studies have shown the potential of the inventory to predict the treatment response of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Previously, we showed the association between 10 items of the TCI and the treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE The strong association between psychiatric patients who receive antipsychotics and the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is known. Although previous reports suggest that hyperprolactinemia often increases markers of activated coagulation, few studies have examined the direct relationship between the prolactin level elevated by(More)
BACKGROUND Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a neurotrophin that plays a pivotal role in regulating neuronal function throughout life, and this factor is regarded as a potential biomarker of mental disorders. However, previous studies have suggested that plasma BDNF levels are more variable than serum BDNF levels. METHODS We determined the(More)
BACKGROUND Although the use of placebo in clinical trials of schizophrenia patients is controversial because of medical and ethical concerns, placebo-controlled clinical trials are commonly used in the licensing of new drugs. AIMS The objective of this study was to assess the attitudes toward placebo-controlled clinical trials among patients with(More)
Hyperprolactinemia is a frequent consequence of treatment with antipsychotics. Earlier studies have indicated that terguride, which is a partial dopamine agonist, reduces the prolactin levels that are induced by prolactinemia. Thus, we examined the dose effects of adjunctive treatment with terguride on the plasma concentrations of prolactin in patients with(More)
This case report describes a 54-year-old man with bipolar I disorder who was treated with aripiprazole (ARP) and lithium. The patient was admitted to our hospital because of aggravation of depressive symptoms, and treatment with lamotrigine (LTG) was initiated. Two weeks after admission, we discontinued administration of ARP after the appearance of a(More)