Masami Yoshimura

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We used a red chromophore formation pathway, in which the anionic red chromophore is formed from the neutral blue intermediate, to suggest a rational design strategy to develop blue fluorescent proteins with a tyrosine-based chromophore. The strategy was applied to red fluorescent proteins of the different genetic backgrounds, such as TagRFP, mCherry,(More)
Ca(2+)-stimulable (type I), Ca(2+)-insensitive (type II), and Ca(2+)-inhibitable adenylylcyclase (type VI) were transiently expressed in the human embryonic kidney 293 cell line. Phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu) increased cAMP synthesis by the Ca(2+)-insensitive type II adenylylcyclase more than 9-fold within 10 min, while the treatment had no effect on the(More)
BACKGROUND The activity of adenylyl cyclase (AC) is enhanced by pharmacologically relevant concentrations of ethanol. The enhancing effect of ethanol on AC activity is AC isoform-specific. Therefore, we hypothesized that within a cyclic AMP-generating system, AC is the target of ethanol's action and that ethanol-sensitive AC molecules contain structural(More)
We characterized a human cDNA clone which encodes a novel adenylyl cyclase. Data from Southern and Northern blot analysis, and analysis of sequence similarity with a recently cloned mouse adenylyl cyclase (10), indicated that the human adenylyl cyclase was a species variant of type VII adenylyl cyclase. The sequence of the novel human adenylyl cyclase(More)
Our prior work, and the work of others, demonstrated that chronic administration of ethanol to cells in culture or to mice resulted in decreased responsiveness of adenylyl cyclase (EC4.6.1.1) to a number of stimulatory agents. In this study, we substantiated the ethanol-induced changes in cerebral cortical adenylyl cyclase activity in alcohol-tolerant and(More)
The introduction of D1A dopamine receptors and mu-opioid receptors into HEK 293 cells that were also transiently transfected with adenylyl cyclase cDNA imparted to dopamine and to mu-opioid receptor agonists the ability to modulate the activity of the expressed adenylyl cyclase. Dopamine added to cells expressing D1A receptors and type V adenylyl cyclase(More)
The localization of the nine identified isoforms of adenylyl cyclase in brain has been largely based on determination of patterns of mRNA expression. A polyclonal antibody has now been developed that specifically recognizes Type VII adenylyl cyclase. This antibody was used for immunocytochemical analysis of the distribution of Type VII adenylyl cyclase in(More)
The mechanisms by which morphine-induced analgesia and tolerance and physical dependence on morphine arise have been the subject of intense study, and much work has pointed to the involvement of cAMP-mediated events in the neuroadaptive phenomena leading to morphine tolerance and/or dependence. We overexpressed an opioid receptor-stimulatable form of(More)
A selective action of ethanol on major signal transduction proteins, such as adenylyl cyclase, has been considered to be important for certain actions of ethanol, and alcoholics have been demonstrated to differ from controls in measures of platelet adenylyl cyclase activity. Recent advances in identification and characterization of isoforms of adenylyl(More)