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LIS1 was first identified as a gene mutated in human classical lissencephaly sequence. LIS1 is required for dynein activity, but the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that LIS1 suppresses the motility of cytoplasmic dynein on microtubules (MTs), whereas NDEL1 releases the blocking effect of LIS1 on cytoplasmic dynein. We(More)
NDEL1 is a binding partner of LIS1 that participates in the regulation of cytoplasmic dynein function and microtubule organization during mitotic cell division and neuronal migration. NDEL1 preferentially localizes to the centrosome and is a likely target for cell cycle-activated kinases, including CDK1. In particular, NDEL1 phosphorylation by CDK1(More)
Orchestrated remodelling of the cytoskeketon is prominent during neurite extension. In contrast with the extensive characterization of actin filament regulation, little is known about the dynamics of microtubules during neurite extension. Here we identify an atypical protein kinase C (aPKC)-Aurora A-NDEL1 pathway that is crucial for the regulation of(More)
LIS1 and NDEL1 are known to be essential for the activity of cytoplasmic dynein in living cells. We previously reported that LIS1 and NDEL1 directly regulated the motility of cytoplasmic dynein in an in vitro motility assay. LIS1 suppressed dynein motility and inhibited the translocation of microtubules (MTs), while NDEL1 dissociated dynein from MTs and(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the incidence and severity of rectal bleeding after high-dose hypofractionated radiotherapy (RT) for prostate cancer, and to explore the factors affecting the incidence of Grade 2 or worse rectal bleeding. METHODS AND MATERIALS The data of 52 patients who had been treated by external beam RT for localized prostate cancer between(More)
Human CRM1 (hCRM1) functions in the Rex-mediated mRNA export of human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) as an export receptor and as an inducing factor for Rex multimerization on its cognate RNA. Although there are only 24 amino acid differences between hCRM1 and rat CRM1 (rCRM1), rCRM1 can hardly support Rex activity, suggesting a role for rCRM1 as a(More)
To develop a new therapeutic agent for sepsis, screening of the Takeda chemical library was carried out using mouse macrophages stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to identify a new class of small-molecule inhibitors of inflammatory mediator production. The lead compound 5a was discovered, from which a series of novel cyclohexene derivatives I bearing(More)
BACKGROUND There are some reports about the relationships between the clinical manifestations and the spine morphology or spinal cord morphology in patients with myelopathy. It has also been reported that there are interindividual variations in the cross-sectional area of the spinal cord. In most of these reports, the cross-sectional area, compression(More)
Lissencephaly is a devastating neurological disorder caused by defective neuronal migration. The LIS1 (or PAFAH1B1) gene was identified as the gene mutated in lissencephaly patients, and was found to regulate cytoplasmic dynein function and localization. In particular, LIS1 is essential for anterograde transport of cytoplasmic dynein as a part of the(More)
We studied the cellular requirements for the translocation of CRM1 (exportin 1) between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. CRM1 import requires neither ATP, Ran, Ran-dependent GTP hydrolysis, nor a particular temperature. CRM1 and importin beta compete with each other during their import. Thus, CRM1 is able to enter the nucleus in a manner similar to(More)