Masami Watanabe

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Formaldehyde is an aliphatic monoaldehyde and is a highly reactive environmental human carcinogen. Whereas humans are continuously exposed to exogenous formaldehyde, this reactive aldehyde is a naturally occurring biological compound that is present in human plasma at concentrations ranging from 13 to 97 micromol/L. It has been well documented that(More)
A combined data set of DNA sequences (6021 bp) from five protein-coding genes of the chloroplast genome (rbcL, atpB, psaA, psaB, and psbC genes) were analyzed for 42 strains representing 30 species of the colonial Volvocales (Volvox and its relatives) and 5 related species of green algae to deduce robust phylogenetic relationships within the colonial green(More)
 A procedure for producing transgenic Chinese cabbage plants by inoculating cotyledonary explants with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain EHA101 carrying a binary vector pIG121Hm, which contains kanamycin-resistance and hygromycin-resistance genes and the GUS reporter gene, is described. Infection was most effective (highest infection frequency) when explants(More)
Klotho mutant mouse (kl-/-), a mouse model for human aging, exhibits various phenotypes in a wide range of organs including arteriosclerosis, neural degeneration, skin and gonadal atrophy, pulmonary emphysema, calcification of soft tissues, and cognition impairment. Klotho mRNA, however, is expressed only in brain, kidney, reproductive organs, pituitary(More)
Radiation generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) that interact with cellular molecules, including DNA, lipids, and proteins. To know how ROS contribute to the induction of genetic instability, we examined the effect of the anti-ROS condition, using both ascorbic acid phosphate (APM) treatment or a low oxygen condition, on the induction of delayed(More)
After the first attachment of virus to the cell surface through a primary receptor, efficient entry of virus requires the presence of a coreceptor. For adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV2) infection, heparan sulfate proteoglycan is supposed as the primary receptor, and alphavbeta5 integrin and FGFR1 are reported to act as coreceptors. In this study, we were(More)
A change in chromosome number, known as aneuploidy, is a common characteristic of cancer. Aneuploidy disrupts gene expression in human cancer cells and immortalized human epithelial cells, but not in normal human cells. However, the relationship between aneuploidy and cancer remains unclear. To study the effects of aneuploidy in normal human cells, we(More)
The reduced expression in immortalized cells (REIC)/Dickkopf (Dkk)-3, a member of the Dkk gene family, is a tumor suppressor in a broad range of cancers. REIC/Dkk-3 transfected stable clones of mouse prostate cancer RM9 cells (RM9-REIC) and the empty vector-transfected control clone cells (RM9-EV) were established. Clones were used to evaluate the(More)
To compare the genotoxic effects of high-LET ionizing radiation to those of low-LET radiation, we investigated the responses of human lymphoblastoid cells to DNA damage TK6 after treatment with either low-LET X rays or high-LET iron ions (1000 keV/microm). A highly localized distribution of gammaH2AX/RAD51 foci was observed in the nuclei of cells irradiated(More)
Caveolin, a major structural component of specialized plasma membrane invaginations (caveolae) that participate in diverse cellular activities, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several human diseases, including cancer. We showed in earlier studies that caveolin-1 (cav-1) is consistently and strongly overexpressed in metastatic prostate cancer and(More)