Masami Ohnishi

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Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a major food-borne infectious pathogen that causes diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis, and hemolytic uremic syndrome. Here we report the complete chromosome sequence of an O157:H7 strain isolated from the Sakai outbreak, and the results of genomic comparison with a benign laboratory strain, K-12 MG1655. The chromosome is 5.5 Mb in(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa produces three types of bacteriocins: R-, F- and S-type pyocins. The S-type pyocin is a colicin-like protein, whereas the R-type pyocin resembles a contractile but non-flexible tail structure of bacteriophage, and the F-type a flexible but non-contractile one. As genetically related phages exist for each type, these pyocins have been(More)
OBJECTIVES We 1) evaluated whether interleukin-6 (IL-6) is produced in the peripheral circulation in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF), 2) estimated the factors for increased IL-6, and 3) clarified the prognostic role of high plasma levels of IL-6 in patients with CHF. BACKGROUND Although plasma levels of IL-6 have been reported to increase in(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) have high plasma levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), mainly from the atrium, and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), mainly from the ventricle. We examined the prognostic role of plasma BNP in chronic CHF patients in comparison with plasma ANP and other variables previously known to be associated(More)
phi CTX is a cytotoxin-converting phage isolated from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In this study, we determined the complete nucleotide sequence of the phi CTX phage genome. The precise genome size was 35,538 bp with 21 base 5'-extruding cohesive ends. Forty-seven open reading frames (ORFs) were identified on the phi CTX genome, including two previously(More)
Protein phosphatase 2C (PP2C) is implicated in the negative regulation of stress-activated protein kinase cascades in yeast and mammalian cells. In this study, we determined the role of PP2Cbeta-1, a major isoform of mammalian PP2C, in the TAK1 signaling pathway, a stress-activated protein kinase cascade that is activated by interleukin-1, transforming(More)
The lipid content and fatty acid composition of fresh immature and in vitro matured bovine oocytes cultured in media with or without serum, and also those of frozen-thawed immature oocytes were analysed. All oocytes were ranked (A or B) on the basis of their cytoplasmic quality. Fatty acid composition (mol %; w/w) in the total lipid fraction was analysed by(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of pETB, a 38.2-kb Staphylococcus aureus plasmid encoding the exfoliative toxin B (ETB), was determined. A total of 50 open reading frames were identified on the plasmid genome and, among these, 32 showed sequence similarity to known proteins. pETB contains three copies of IS257, which divide the pETB genome into three(More)
The staphylococcal exfoliative toxins (ETs) are extracellular proteins that cause splitting of human skin at the epidermal layer during infection in infants. Two antigenically distinct toxins possessing identical activity have been isolated from Staphylococcus aureus, ETA and ETB. The gene for ETA (eta) is located on the chromosome, whereas that for ETB is(More)
Structural studies on cerebroside isolated from Aspergillus oryzae were carried out using mainly gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The major component fatty acids were 2-hydroxystearic and 2-hydroxy-trans-octadecenoic acid; branched 17?-methyl nonadecasphingadienine isomers were the predominant long-chain bases. The component sugar was only(More)