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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to survey the situation of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) cancer screening in Japan and to describe its performance profile. METHODS "FDG-PET for cancer screening" was defined as FDG-PET or positron emission tomography and computed tomography (PET/CT) scan with or without other tests(More)
High [(18)F]-2-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-uptake of primary tumor, assessed by pretreatment positron emission tomography (PET), shows poor overall survival of patients after several therapies in various cancers. An association between FDG-uptake and distant metastasis-free survival in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has not been assessed so far. An(More)
BACKGROUND F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) is a useful tool for the detection of local inflamed atherosclerotic lesions. OBJECTIVE This study used hybrid PET/computed tomography (CT) to examine the effects of 2 doses of atorvastatin on (18)F-FDG uptake in atherosclerotic plaques in Japanese adults with stable angina(More)
Personality, and in particular temperament, is thought to have a biological basis. In the present study, the relationships between regional brain glucose metabolism and temperament have been investigated. Regional brain glucose metabolism was measured using [18F] fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in 31 healthy subjects. Temperament was(More)
High [(18)F]-2-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-uptake of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), assessed by pretreatment positron emission tomography (PET), has indicated poor survival of patients. In this study, we sought to elucidate the underlying pathological and biological mechanisms of the close correlation in OSCC between high FDG-uptake and poor survival.(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to determine the value of high-field magnetic resonance imaging and to clarify the characteristics of each image among three-dimensional gradient echo (3D-GRE), two-dimensional spin echo (2D-SE) and inversion recovery (2D-IR) sequences used as contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images for stereotactic irradiation treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to evaluate radioisotope cisternography (RICG)-related postpuncture CSF leakage by MRI. METHODS We conducted a prospective 3-day imaging study. Ten patients with orthostatic headache and other symptoms underwent pre-RICG brain and spinal MRI, magnetic resonance myelography (MRM), RICG, and post-RICG spinal MRI and MRM. For RICG, we(More)
BACKGROUND The accuracy of (18)F-2-deoxy-fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) for diagnosing nodal status in patients with lung cancer was initially reported as excellent, but, with increasing experience, the problem of false-positive and false-negative assessments has been observed. PURPOSE To evaluate the accuracy of FDG-PET for(More)
Recent functional neuroimaging studies have suggested that specific brain regions might be associated with the formation of anxiety-related personality traits, which are well known to be influenced by gender. Such anxiety-related personality traits are one of the representative predisposing factors for mood and anxiety disorders, whose incidence is also(More)
BACKGROUND Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is often misdiagnosed as pancreatic cancer (PC). Both conditions accumulate (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), so FDG positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is not discriminatory. This study aimed to evaluate the pattern of FDG accumulation, and the change in FDG uptake after steroid treatment in AIP and PC. METHODS(More)