To clarify whether patients with schizophrenia still show EEG slowing in the absence of psychopharmacological treatment, EEG was analyzed in 20 acute never-treated schizophrenics and 20 age-matched healthy controls using the computerized wave-form recognition method. Compared to controls, schizophrenics had more fast theta (6-8 Hz) and slow alpha (8-9 Hz)… (More)
Camptocormia becomes increasingly recognized as a disabling symptom associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). We here report six patients with advanced PD in whom continuous bilateral stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus produced substantial (mean 78% +/- 9.1% of the thoracolumbar angle) improvement of camptocormia along with other motor symptoms.
Personality, and in particular temperament, is thought to have a biological basis. In the present study, the relationships between regional brain glucose metabolism and temperament have been investigated. Regional brain glucose metabolism was measured using [18F] fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in 31 healthy subjects. Temperament was… (More)
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is a major apolipoprotein in the central nervous system (CNS) that plays an important role in Alzheimer's disease. It may also be involved in other CNS disorders including ischemic injury. We investigated the changes of ApoE protein and mRNA expression in the brain with middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) to clarify its origin… (More)
Recent functional neuroimaging studies have suggested that specific brain regions might be associated with the formation of anxiety-related personality traits, which are well known to be influenced by gender. Such anxiety-related personality traits are one of the representative predisposing factors for mood and anxiety disorders, whose incidence is also… (More)
Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) was performed in a group of 18 adult patients with Down's syndrome (DS) aged 20-46 years, and the peak area ratios (NAA/Cr, Cho/Cr, NAA/Cho) of N-acetylaspartate (NAA), total creatine (Cr), and choline-containing compounds (Cho) calculated separately in the patients in their 20's, 30's, and 40's. In… (More)
The synthetic pyrazolopyrimidine, 4-amino-5-(4-methylphenyl)-7-(t-butyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine (PP1) is a novel, potent, and selective inhibitor of Src family tyrosine kinases. Vascular permeability appears to be mediated by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which requires the activation of downstream Src family kinases to exert its function.… (More)
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the ventral intermediate nucleus of the thalamus (VIM) is a powerful surgical option in the treatment of tremor-predominant Parkinson's disease. However, its therapeutic efficacy depends on the tremor distribution. DBS is highly efficient in relief of distal appendicular tremor but not other types of tremor. Also, it is… (More)