Personality, and in particular temperament, is thought to have a biological basis. In the present study, the relationships between regional brain glucose metabolism and temperament have been investigated. Regional brain glucose metabolism was measured using [18F] fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in 31 healthy subjects. Temperament was… (More)
Recent functional neuroimaging studies have suggested that specific brain regions might be associated with the formation of anxiety-related personality traits, which are well known to be influenced by gender. Such anxiety-related personality traits are one of the representative predisposing factors for mood and anxiety disorders, whose incidence is also… (More)
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is a major apolipoprotein in the central nervous system (CNS) that plays an important role in Alzheimer's disease. It may also be involved in other CNS disorders including ischemic injury. We investigated the changes of ApoE protein and mRNA expression in the brain with middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) to clarify its origin… (More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to determine the value of high-field magnetic resonance imaging and to clarify the characteristics of each image among three-dimensional gradient echo (3D-GRE), two-dimensional spin echo (2D-SE) and inversion recovery (2D-IR) sequences used as contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images for stereotactic irradiation treatment… (More)
Camptocormia becomes increasingly recognized as a disabling symptom associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). We here report six patients with advanced PD in whom continuous bilateral stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus produced substantial (mean 78% +/- 9.1% of the thoracolumbar angle) improvement of camptocormia along with other motor symptoms.
PURPOSE In this study, an automated scheme for detecting pulmonary nodules using a novel hybrid PET/CT approach is proposed, which is designed to detect pulmonary nodules by combining data from both sets of images. METHODS Solitary nodules were detected on CT by a cylindrical filter that we developed previously, and in the PET imaging, high-uptake regions… (More)
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the ventral intermediate nucleus of the thalamus (VIM) is a powerful surgical option in the treatment of tremor-predominant Parkinson's disease. However, its therapeutic efficacy depends on the tremor distribution. DBS is highly efficient in relief of distal appendicular tremor but not other types of tremor. Also, it is… (More)