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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Along with the recent changes in lifestyle in Japan, the incidence of coronary artery disease has increased while the incidence of stroke appears to be decreasing. We investigated the relation between the progression of carotid atherosclerosis and the severity of coronary artery disease in the Japanese population. METHODS The 2-year(More)
OBJECTIVE To better understand the role of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) after the inflammatory response. DESIGN Serum G-CSF concentrations were measured serially in 19 trauma and 15 sepsis patients. Changes in G-CSF concentration were compared with those in the neutrophil ratio, phagocytic and bactericidal activities, and other cytokines.(More)
OBJECTIVES Chromosome 9p21 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) is a susceptibility variant for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the primary prevention setting. However, it is controversial whether this SNP is also associated with recurrent myocardial infarction (ReMI) in the secondary prevention setting. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the(More)
It has been reported that a major cause of coronary vasospastic angina (VSA) is endothelial dysfunction of the coronary artery. On the other hand, some studies showed that serum uric acid and lipoprotein(a) are correlated with endothelial dysfunction. Thus, we examined whether uric acid and lipoprotein(a), are correlated with VSA. Four hundred forty-one(More)
Statins, aspirin and angiotensin II modulators (A II-M: angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin II type I receptor blockades) may have an anti-inflammatory effect, but the relationship between the effects of statins, aspirin and A II-M on high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels remains to be determined. We examined serum(More)
BACKGROUND It remains controversial whether restrictive mitral annuloplasty (RMA) for functional mitral regurgitation (MR) can induce functional mitral stenosis (MS) that may cause postoperative residual pulmonary hypertension (PH). METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred eight patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and severe MR underwent RMA with(More)
BACKGROUND In clinical settings, information on morphology of mitral valve leaflet after mitral valve reconstruction is limited. METHODS Between January 1996 and June 2000, 36 patients underwent mitral valve repair for mitral regurgitation (MR). The etiology of mitral insufficiency was prolapse, dilated annulus, and ischemia. Ring annuloplasty was(More)
Predicting the effect of beta-blockade therapy on the clinical outcome of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is difficult prior to the initiation of therapy. Myocardial fatty acid metabolism has been shown to be impaired in patients with DCM. We examined whether the extent of myocardial injury, as assessed by iodine-123 15-( p-iodophenyl)-3- R,(More)
Venous thrombosis is a relatively usual but serious complication of permanent transvenous pacing. However, the pathogenesis has not been defined. To clarify underlying abnormalities in the coagulation-fibrinolysis system in patients with permanent transvenous pacemakers, we measured serum levels of fibrinopeptide A (FPA), thrombin-antithrombin III complexes(More)
BACKGROUND Cessation of smoking after a cardiovascular event has been shown in Western countries to have a beneficial effect on clinical events during long-term follow-up. However, knowledge of the effect of smoking status after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) on the long-term mortality based on a large-scale sample is still limited in Japan. METHODS(More)