Masami Mizu

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Oligodeoxynucleotides containing unmethylated CpG sequences (CpG DNAs) activate the vertebrate innate immune system via toll-like receptor 9 (TLR-9). Although CpG DNA is a promising immunotherapeutic agent, its short circulation time in biological fluids due to nuclease is the major drawback. This paper proposes that a natural polysaccharide called(More)
A beta-(1 --> 3)-d-glucan schizophyllan (SPG) forms a stoichiometric complex with some polynucleotides. This communication describes our attempt to apply the SPG complex to deliver CpG DNA to endosomes to enhance cytokine secretion. To increase cellular uptake, we introduced spermine, arginine-glycine-aspartic acid tripeptide, octaarginine, or cholesterol(More)
Schizophyllan is a natural beta-(1-->3)-D-glucan that exists as a triple helix in H(2)O and as a single chain in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) or basic solution (pH >13). As we have already reported, when a homo-polynucleotide (e.g., poly(dA), poly(A), or poly(C)) is added to a schizophyllan/DMSO solution, and, subsequently, DMSO is exchanged for H(2)O, the(More)
Our previous work showed that a natural beta-(1-->3)-d-glucan schizophyllan (SPG) can form a stable complex with single-stranded oligonucleotides (ssODNs). When protein transduction peptides were attached to SPG and this modified SPG was complexed with ssODNs, the resultant complex could induce cellular transfection of the bound ODNs, without producing(More)
Zymosan, classified among beta-(1-->3)-d-glucans, is produced from the cell wall of yeast and well known to induce proinflammatory cytokines when ingested by immune cells. We found that zymosan forms a complex with immunostimulatory CpG DNA, where both zymosan and CpG DNA can induce cytokine secretion according to the different mechanisms (i.e., recognized(More)
Schizophyllan is a beta-(1-->3)-D-glucan and can form a novel complex with some single-chains of DNAs. As the preceding paper revealed, the polynucleotide bound in the complex is more stable to nuclease-mediated hydrolysis than the polynucleotide itself (i.e., naked polynucleotide). This paper examined possibility to apply this complex to an antisense DNA(More)
Schizophyllan is a natural beta-(1-->3)-D-glucan existing as a triple helix in water and as a single chain in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), respectively. As we already reported, when some homo-phosphodiester polynucleotide (for example, poly(dA) or poly(C)) is added to the schizophyllan/DMSO solution and subsequently DMSO is exchanged for water, the single(More)
Antisense oligonucleotides (AS ODNs) are applied to silence a particular gene, and this approach is one of the potential gene therapies. However, naked oligonucleotides are easy to be degraded or absorbed in biological condition. Therefore, we need a carrier to deliver AS ODNs. This paper presents galactose moieties that were conjugated to the side chain of(More)
Spectroscopic properties of single-stranded DNA/schizophyllan ternary complexes (ss-DNA2s-SPG), induced by addition of either complementary or noncomplementary strands, have been investigated. The addition of the complementary strands to ss-DNA2s-SPG induced the quick release of the bound ss-DNA to the complementary strands (both DNA and RNA), whereas the(More)
Schizophyllan belongs to a beta-1,3-D-glucan family, which exists as a random coil in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and as a triple helix in water, respectively. The schizophyllan single chain forms a complex with single-stranded homo RNAs in water/DMSO mixed solvents. Using circular dichroism, we studied the complexation and its stability as a function of(More)