Masami Kusaka

Learn More
Most prostate cancers (PCs) become resistant to combined androgen blockade therapy with surgical or medical castration and antiandrogens after several years. Some of these refractory PCs regress after discontinuation of antiandrogen administration [antiandrogen withdrawal syndrome (AWS)]. Although the molecular mechanisms of the AWS are not fully understood(More)
The anti-angiogenic activity of AGM-1470, a new synthetic analog of fumagillin isolated from Aspergillus fumigatus, was extensively examined both in vitro and in vivo using four different types of assay and compared to that of the fumagillin parent. Locally administered AGM-1470 inhibited the angiogenesis in the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane assay(More)
Recently, we reported the anti-angiogenic action along with anti-tumour activity of TNP-470 (AGM-1470). In this study, the effect of TNP-470 on the growth of human umbilical vein endothelial (HUVE) cells was examined. TNP-470 inhibited the growth of HUVE cells in a biphasic manner. The inhibition was cytostatic in the first phase (complete inhibition at 300(More)
A novel naphthylmethylimidazole derivative 1 and its related compounds were identified as 17,20-lyase inhibitors. Based on the structure-activity relationship around the naphthalene scaffold and the results of a docking study of 1a in the homology model of 17,20-lyase, the 6,7-dihydro-5H-pyrrolo[1,2-c]imidazole derivative (+)-3c was synthesized and(More)
BACKGROUND Some mutations of androgen receptor (AR) confer resistance to antiandrogen to prostate cancer (PC) cells. Previously we reported that LNCaP-cxD2 cells established from androgen-dependent LNCaP-FGC PC cells as an antiandrogen bicalutamide-resistant subline harbor W741C/L mutation in the AR gene. In this report, we examined one possible mechanism(More)
AGM-1470 is a potent angiogenesis inhibitor that is very effective in inhibiting endothelial cell proliferation in both in vitro and in vivo models and that prevents tumor growth in vivo. Although this molecule appears to be a most promising anticancer drug, its mechanism of action has not yet been elucidated. In this study, we examined the effects of(More)
Surgical or pharmacologic methods to control gonadal androgen biosynthesis are effective approaches in the treatment of a variety of non-neoplastic and neoplastic diseases. For example, androgen ablation and its consequent reduction in circulating levels of testosterone is an effective therapy for advanced prostate cancers. Unfortunately, the therapeutic(More)
The effect of recombinant interleukin 1 Beta (IL-1(β)) was investigated on osteoblastic cell line MC3T3-E1 cloned from mouse calvaria. IL-1(β) stimulated cell proliferation which increased cell number and caused dose-related stimulation of DNA synthesis, with a maximal effect at a concentration of 12.5 U/ml; suppressed alkaline phosphatase activity and(More)
The transformation of a cell and the acquisition of the invasive and metastatic phenotype result from the activation of a group of complex cellular processes rather than from the effect of a single gene product. It is likely that the coordination of the multiple genes involved in malignancy is under the control of a few genes that act as master genes or(More)
Bone metastasis is commonly found in prostate cancer (PC) patients. Although the mechanisms for the recurrence of bone metastasis-derived PC during medical or surgical castration therapy are still unclear because of the lack of suitable experimental models, one hypothesis is that enhanced androgen receptor (AR) signaling causes androgen-refractory PC(More)