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In the mouse, the definitive endoderm is derived from the epiblast during gastrulation, and, at the early organogenesis stage, forms the primitive gut tube, which gives rise to the digestive tract, liver, pancreas and associated visceral organs. The transcription factors, Sox17 (a Sry-related HMG box factor) and its upstream factors, Mixer (homeobox factor)(More)
Sox17 is a Sry-related HMG-box transcription factor developmentally expressed in both the definitive endoderm and extraembryonic endoderm (ExE). Although Sox17(-/-) mouse embryos have a defective definitive gut endoderm, their developing ExE is morphologically intact. Here, we aimed to investigate the role of Sox17 in ExE development by using an in vitro(More)
BACKGROUND In the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, the ubiquitinated substrates either undergo degradation by the proteasome or stabilization through the action of the deubiquitinating enzyme. We have previously found that the deubiquitinating enzyme Fam is colocalized with AF-6, one of the effectors of the Ras small GTPase, at cell-cell contact sites in(More)
Microarray analysis of oligodendrocyte lineage cells purified by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) from 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase (CNP)-enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) transgenic mice revealed Sox17 (SRY-box containing gene 17) gene expression to be coordinately regulated with that of four myelin genes during postnatal(More)
The different mRNA isoforms of the mouse Sox17 gene were isolated from adult mouse testis cDNAs. One form (referred to as form Sox17) encodes an Sry-related protein of 419 amino acids containing a single high mobility group box near the NH2-terminus, while the other form (referred to as form t-Sox17) shows a unique mRNA isoform of the Sox17 gene with a(More)
Saliva contains a large number of proteins that participate in the protection of oral tissue. We found, for the first time, small vesicles (30-130 nm in diameter) in human whole saliva. Vesicles from saliva were identified by electron microscopy after isolation by gel-filtration on Sepharose CL-4B. They resemble exosomes, which are vesicles with an(More)
The Ras target AF-6 has been shown to serve as one of the peripheral components of cell-cell adhesions, and is thought to participate in cell-cell adhesion regulation downstream of Ras. We here purified an AF-6-interacting protein with a molecular mass of approximately 220 kD (p220) to investigate the function of AF-6 at cell-cell adhesions. The peptide(More)
Cell ablation technology is useful for studying specific cell lineages in a developing organ in vivo. Herein, we established a novel anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH)-toxin receptor-mediated cell knockout (Treck) mouse line, in which the diphtheria toxin (DT) receptor was specifically activated in Sertoli and granulosa cells in postnatal testes and ovaries(More)
The matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family, comprising more than 20 isoforms, modulates the extracellular milieu by degrading extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. Because MMP is one of the few groups of proteinases capable of hydrolysing insoluble fibrillar proteins, they are likely to play crucial roles in regulating both normal and pathophysiological(More)
In a search for genes specifically expressed in mouse embryonic stem cells, we identified one we called Ces5. We found that it corresponded to the Ooep gene, which was recently reported to be expressed specifically in oocytes. Mouse Ces5/Ooep, also called Moep19 or Floped, encoded a 164-amino acid protein, which was detected in the cytoplasm of developing(More)