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A group of infant onset epilepsies manifest very frequent generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTC) intractable to medical therapy, which may or may not be accompanied by minor seizures such as myoclonic seizures, absences and partial seizures. They include severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy (SMEI) and intractable childhood epilepsy with GTC (ICEGTC). They(More)
Epilepsy was defined conceptually in 2005 as a disorder of the brain characterized by an enduring predisposition to generate epileptic seizures. This definition is usually practically applied as having two unprovoked seizures >24 h apart. The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) accepted recommendations of a task force altering the practical(More)
OBJECTIVE The association between amygdala enlargement (AE) and temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) has increasingly been reported. However, the pathology of AE remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to explore AE pathology using (11)C-methionine (Met) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in patients who have TLE with AE.(More)
The unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii can acclimate to a broad range of environmental CO(2) concentrations. We observed that the cells synthesized a specific 43 kDa protein, H43, in the periplasmic space under photoautotrophic high-CO(2) conditions. Under low-CO(2) conditions, H43 disappeared. However, H43 mRNA expression was observed even(More)
Experiential auditory hallucinations have been reported in patients with epilepsy. We report the case of a 46-year-old woman with a history of more than three years of experiential auditory hallucinations caused by chronic epileptic discharges, which developed after radiotherapy for an oligoastrocytoma in the left temporal lobe. Electroencephalography(More)
Classic antidepressants have been known to induce convulsive seizures and nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE). On the other hand, many reports have emphasized the safety of novel antidepressants. However, we encountered three cases of NCSE in the elderly associated with the use of newer antidepressants at therapeutic doses. All three patients were male(More)
BACKGROUND There are some biomarkers for asthma diagnosis but they are often difficult in clinical use, particularly in pediatric cases. Periostin is an extracellular matrix protein, upregulated in response to IL-4 or IL-13. Serum periostin is expected to be used as a non-invasive biomarker for asthma diagnosis and management. METHODS Twenty-eight(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Amygdala enlargement (AE) has been reported as an epileptogenic focus in subtypes of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical, morphological, and pathological characteristics of AE. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data and imaging findings of 23 TLE patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Automated subfield volumetry of hippocampus is desirable for use in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), but its utility has not been established. Automatic segmentation of hippocampal subfields (ASHS) and the new version of FreeSurfer software (ver.6.0) using high-resolution T2-weighted MR imaging are candidates for this volumetry. The aim(More)