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A group of infant onset epilepsies manifest very frequent generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTC) intractable to medical therapy, which may or may not be accompanied by minor seizures such as myoclonic seizures, absences and partial seizures. They include severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy (SMEI) and intractable childhood epilepsy with GTC (ICEGTC). They(More)
Epilepsy was defined conceptually in 2005 as a disorder of the brain characterized by an enduring predisposition to generate epileptic seizures. This definition is usually practically applied as having two unprovoked seizures >24 h apart. The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) accepted recommendations of a task force altering the practical(More)
Experiential auditory hallucinations have been reported in patients with epilepsy. We report the case of a 46-year-old woman with a history of more than three years of experiential auditory hallucinations caused by chronic epileptic discharges, which developed after radiotherapy for an oligoastrocytoma in the left temporal lobe. Electroencephalography(More)
Classic antidepressants have been known to induce convulsive seizures and nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE). On the other hand, many reports have emphasized the safety of novel antidepressants. However, we encountered three cases of NCSE in the elderly associated with the use of newer antidepressants at therapeutic doses. All three patients were male(More)
OBJECTIVE The association between amygdala enlargement (AE) and temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) has increasingly been reported. However, the pathology of AE remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to explore AE pathology using (11)C-methionine (Met) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in patients who have TLE with AE.(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to investigate interictal cerebral blood flow (CBF) distributions and graph theoretical networks in idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) using arterial spin labeling (ASL) imaging and anatomical covariance methods of graph theoretical analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS We recruited 19 patients with IGE and 19(More)
Epilepsy with the main symptom of amnesia is known as transient epileptic amnesia (TEA). Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is the second most common form of neurodegenerative dementia. The concept that Lewy body disease includes Parkinson's disease with dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies was proposed in the 2005 revision of the Clinical Diagnostic(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Automated subfield volumetry of hippocampus is desirable for use in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), but its utility has not been established. Automatic segmentation of hippocampal subfields (ASHS) and the new version of FreeSurfer software (ver.6.0) using high-resolution T2-weighted MR imaging are candidates for this volumetry. The aim(More)
The objectives of the present study were to investigate the change in the number of viable pathogens during preservation of milk obtained from cows with subclinical mastitis and the association between the decreasing ratio of viable bacteria during preservation and the somatic cell count (SCC) and the values of lingual antimicrobial peptide (LAP),(More)