Learn More
A group of infant onset epilepsies manifest very frequent generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTC) intractable to medical therapy, which may or may not be accompanied by minor seizures such as myoclonic seizures, absences and partial seizures. They include severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy (SMEI) and intractable childhood epilepsy with GTC (ICEGTC). They(More)
The major aim of this study was to elucidate the relationship between nitric oxide (NO) and generalized epilepsy. Mice lacking the neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) gene (nNOS(-/-)) were used in this study to determine the relationship between nNOS alpha and NO in pentylentetrazole (PTZ)-induced convulsions. nNOS(-/-) mice exhibited severe convulsions(More)
Manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) is receiving increased interest as a valuable tool for monitoring the physiological functions in the animal brain based on the ability of manganese ions to mimic calcium ions entering to excitable cells. Here the possibility that in vivo MEMRI can detect the entry of manganese ions (Mn2+) in the brain of(More)
Epilepsy was defined conceptually in 2005 as a disorder of the brain characterized by an enduring predisposition to generate epileptic seizures. This definition is usually practically applied as having two unprovoked seizures >24 h apart. The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) accepted recommendations of a task force altering the practical(More)
The relationships were investigated between the surface electromyographic (SEMG) power spectrum analysed by the 20 order autoregressive model (AR spectrum) and underlying motor unit (MU) activity during isometric contractions increasing linearly from 0% to 80% maximal voluntary contraction. Intramuscular spikes and SEMG signals were recorded simultaneously(More)
The major aim of this study was to elucidate the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the development of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-kindling as an animal model of primary generalized epilepsy. The daily administration of PTZ is associated with an increase in the amount of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS). NO generation was measured directly by in vivo and ex(More)
We report 3 patients who experienced nonconvulsive status epilepticus following generalized convulsions during antidepressant treatment. All showed prolonged confusion with some psychiatric symptoms, and their electroencephalograms (EEGs) showed either bilateral synchronous multiple spike wave discharges or continuous diffuse sharp and slow waves. When(More)
Findings in 34 patients with traumatic brachial plexus injury documented by surgical exploration and intra-operative somatosensory-evoked potentials were correlated with findings on myelography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to determine whether MRI can identify nerve root avulsion. The coronal and sagittal planes were not able to demonstrate avulsion(More)
We investigated the effect of interferon on tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and catecholamine levels in the brains of 12-week-old male Wistar rats. Interferon-alpha (300,000 IU/kg/day, s.c.) was administered to rats for 7 days. Locomotor activity of interferon-alpha-treated rats was significantly lower than that of control rats. Norepinephrine and dopamine levels(More)