Masako Sugiura

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Ceramide-1-phosphate is a sphingolipid metabolite that has been implicated in membrane fusion of brain synaptic vesicles and neutrophil phagolysosome formation. Ceramide-1-phosphate can be produced by ATP-dependent ceramide kinase activity, although little is known of this enzyme because it has not yet been highly purified or cloned. Based on sequence(More)
Proline-producing strains of Serratia marcescens were more osmotolerant than wild-type strains. Growth inhibition by proline analogs was significantly enhanced by increasing the osmotic stress of the medium. Mutants resistant to azetidine-2-carboxylate were derived from a proline-producing strain, SP126, under a high osmotic condition. One of the mutants,(More)
The membrane-bound UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosamine transferase from an ascites hepatoma, AH 66, has been purified 48,100-fold, mainly by affinity chromatography in aqueous Triton X-100 on apomucin (deglycosylated bovine submaxillary mucin) coupled to Sepharose. The purified preparation behaved homogeneously on gel filtration on Sephadex G-150(More)
l-Arginine hydroxamate inhibited the growth of various bacteria, and the inhibition was readily reversed by arginine. l-Arginine hydroxamate (10(-3)m) completely inhibited the growth of Bacillus subtilis. This inhibitory effect was prevented by 2.5 x 10(-4)ml-arginine, which was the most effective of all the natural amino acids in reversing the inhibition.(More)
A decrease in histidine productivity was observed during subculture of a histidine-producing strain of Serratia marcescens. The decrease was accompanied by an increase in the number of wild-type revertants. Adenine accelerated the growth of producing strain HT-2892 to nearly equal that of revertants, and histidine production was stable because the depletion(More)
Arginine productivity of an arginine-producing mutant of Serratia marcescens decreased during successive batch culturing. The mutant grew more slowly than the parent strains in a minimal medium, and spontaneously produced derivatives that grew more rapidly than the mutant. A large majority of the derivatives required N-acetylglutamate or arginine for(More)
PI-SceI (VDE), a homing endonuclease with protein splicing activity, is a genomic parasite in the VMA1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In a heterozygous diploid of the VDE-less VMA1 allele and a VDE-containing VMA1 allele, VDE specifically cleaves its recognition sequence (VRS) in the VDE-less VMA1 allele at meiosis, followed by 'homing', i.e. a(More)
Ceramide (Cer) is known to be a lipid mediator in apoptosis and to have an important role in cell fate, via control of intracellular Cer levels. Recently, ceramide kinase (CerK) was identified as an enzyme that converts Cer to ceramide 1-phosphate (C1P). We examined potential functions of CerK in the regulation of keratinocyte survival, and the possible(More)
The HL-60 human leukemic promyelocytic cell line can be induced to mature into terminally differentiated cells using certain chemotherapeutic agents. We have recently demonstrated that two inhibitors of DNA synthesis, cytosine arabinoside (ara-C) and aphidicolin, can induce HL-60 differentiation with the appearance of monocytic markers. These pyrimidine(More)