Masako Osada

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BACKGROUND Thymic epithelial cell (TEC) microenvironments are essential for the recruitment of T cell precursors from the bone marrow, as well as the subsequent expansion and selection of thymocytes resulting in a mature self-tolerant T cell repertoire. The molecular mechanisms, which control both the initial development and subsequent maintenance of these(More)
Wnt signaling has been reported to regulate thymocyte proliferation and selection at several stages during T cell ontogeny, as well as the expression of FoxN1 in thymic epithelial cells (TECs). Kremen1 (Krm1) is a negative regulator of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway, and functions together with the secreted Wnt inhibitor Dickkopf (Dkk) by competing for(More)
It has long been suspected that systemic and focal infections cause or exacerbate psoriatic lesions. We previously showed that peripheral blood monocytes in psoriatic patients are activated and overproduce inflammatory cytokines. In addition, it has been reported that macrophages activated by ingesting microorganisms release tumor necrosis factor(More)
Thymic microenvironments are essential for the proper development and selection of T cells critical for a functional and self-tolerant adaptive immune response. While significant turnover occurs, it is unclear whether populations of adult stem cells contribute to the maintenance of postnatal thymic epithelial microenvironments. Here, the slow cycling(More)
Previous biochemical studies demonstrated differences in the structure of lipids in normal skin and psoriatic lesions. Raman spectroscopy provides a unique possibility of studying the molecular structure of proteins, lipids and water in intact skin. Near-infrared Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy was used to study changes in molecular structure and(More)
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