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We present here the annotation of the complete genome of rice Oryza sativa L. ssp. japonica cultivar Nipponbare. All functional annotations for proteins and non-protein-coding RNA (npRNA) candidates were manually curated. Functions were identified or inferred in 19,969 (70%) of the proteins, and 131 possible npRNAs (including 58 antisense transcripts) were(More)
The Rice Annotation Project Database (RAP-DB) was created to provide the genome sequence assembly of the International Rice Genome Sequencing Project (IRGSP), manually curated annotation of the sequence, and other genomics information that could be useful for comprehensive understanding of the rice biology. Since the last publication of the RAP-DB, the(More)
Cloning of the mammalian basic transcription factors serves as a major step in understanding the mechanism of transcription initiation. The 62-kilodalton component (p62) of one of these transcription factors, BTF2 was cloned and overexpressed. A monoclonal antibody to this polypeptide inhibited transcription in vitro. Immunoaffinity experiments demonstrated(More)
Here we report the new features and improvements in our latest release of the H-Invitational Database (H-InvDB; http://www.h-invitational.jp/), a comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts. H-InvDB, originally developed as an integrated database of the human transcriptome based on extensive annotation of large sets of full-length cDNA(More)
We have investigated the cell-specific activity of the GT-IIC, GT-I, Sph-II, Sph-I, and octamer motifs of the SV40 enhancer in four cell lines (HeLa cells, MPC11 plasmocytoma B cells, and non-differentiated and retinoic acid-differentiated F9 embryonal carcinoma cells). Our present results reveal the existence of three classes of motifs that interact with(More)
Orthologs are genes in different species that evolved from a common ancestral gene by speciation. Currently, with the rapid growth of transcriptome data of various species, more reliable orthology information is prerequisite for further studies. However, detection of orthologs could be erroneous if pairwise distance-based methods, such as reciprocal BLAST(More)
On the basis of the amino acid (aa) sequence of the putative BTF3 transcription factor, two complementary DNAs coding for the two proteins, BTF3a and BTF3b, have been cloned from a HeLa cell cDNA library. The two proteins are identical, except that BTF3b lacks the first 44 N-terminal aa present in BTF3a. These proteins originate from the same gene, which(More)
Transient transfections of tissue culture cells with plasmids encoding the X protein of hepatitis B virus result in a transcriptional trans-activation of certain target genes. Our experiments reveal that several individual simian virus 40 enhancer elements and a control element present in the mouse major histocompatibility class I gene H-2Kb are able to(More)
We have characterized the complexes resulting from the specific binding in vitro of proteins present in nuclear extracts of several lymphoid and non-lymphoid cell lines to the TC-I and TC-II sequences of the simian virus 40 (SV40) enhancer. No proteins could be detected, binding selectively to the TC-I sequence, but two proteins TC-IIA and TC-IIB were(More)
The enhancer activity of the oligomerized SV40 TC-I and TC-II sequences has been investigated in lymphoid and non-lymphoid cell lines. While the TC-I sequence had no demonstrable enhanson activity, a class C enhanson (proto-enhancer), 5'-GGAAAGTCCCC-3', overlapping the TC-II sequence and the GT-I enhanson was identified. This TC-II enhanson, which is(More)