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Database searches indicated that the genome of Bacillus subtilis contains three different genes encoding RNase H homologues. The ypdQ gene encodes an RNase HI homologue with 132 amino acid residues, whereas the rnh and ysgB genes encode RNase HII homologues with 255 and 313 amino acid residues, respectively. RNases HI and HII show no significant sequence(More)
BACKGROUND RNA of RNA-DNA hybrids can be degraded by ribonucleases H present in all organisms including the eukaryote Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Determination of the number and roles of the RNases H in eukaryotes is quite feasible in S. cerevisiae. RESULTS Two S. cerevisiae RNases H, related to Escherichia coli RNase HI and HII, are not required for growth(More)
Thermus thermophilus ribonuclease H was overexpressed and purified from Escherichia coli. The determination of the complete amino acid sequence allowed modification of that predicted from the DNA sequence, and the enzyme was shown to be composed of 166 amino acid residues with a molecular weight of 18,279. The isoelectric point of the enzyme was 10.5, and(More)
Apolipoprotein E receptor 2 (apoER2) is a receptor for apolipoprotein E containing lipoprotein and also for Reelin. Apolipoprotein E-associated risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) may be related to its binding to and clearance by cell surface receptors, including members of the low-density lipoprotein receptor family. Otherwise there is(More)
Lithium, a drug used to treat bipolar disorders, has a variety of neuroprotective mechanisms including inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3), a major tau kinase. Recently, it has been shown that, in various neurodegenerative proteinopathies, lithium could induce autophagy. To analyze how lithium is therapeutically beneficial in tauopathies,(More)
Phosphorylated tau (p-tau) is the principal component of neurofibrillary tangles, a pathological hallmark, and likely plays a neurotoxic role in tauopathies including Alzheimer's disease (AD), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and corticobasal degeneration (CBD). We subjected brains from autopsy cases of AD, PSP, and CBD to a variety of(More)
In the present case, a patient in whom limb apraxia and asymmetrical parkinsonism developed suggesting corticobasal degeneration, is reported. Neuropathologic examination revealed numerous tufted astrocytes in the precentral cortex in addition to the characteristic pathologic findings of PSP. Therefore, on the basis of clinicopathologic features, atypical(More)
The role of the conserved Asp134 residue in Escherichia coli ribonuclease HI, which is located at the center of the alpha V helix and lies close to the active site, was analyzed by means of site-directed random mutagenesis. Mutant rnhA genes encoding proteins with ribonuclease H activities were screened by their ability to suppress the(More)
Parkinson disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) are considered Lewy body diseases (LBDs). To clarify the relation between PD with dementia (PDD) and DLB, 30 patients with LBD were divided into pathological subtypes according to the consensus guidelines for DLB. Patients with PDD showed neocortical and limbic type of LBD as well as patients with(More)