Masako Ayaki

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The focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is implicated in integrin-mediated signal transduction pathways used in cell adhesion, cell motility, apoptosis, and anchorage-independent growth. Because cancer invasion and metastasis are thought to be associated with alterations in cellular adhesive and motile properties, we studied the expression of four focal adhesion(More)
BACKGROUND Acute graft-versus-host disease still represents the major factor that limits successful allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Cytokines released by type 1 T-helper cells are thought to play a pivotal role in acute graft-versus-host disease. OBJECTIVE This study was performed to investigate whether the serum levels of soluble IL-2 receptor,(More)
Migration of rat ascites hepatoma (MM1) cells, invasion and phagokinetic movement were induced by the combination of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and fibronectin (FN). Induction of migratory activity was tightly correlated with morphological change of MM1 cells from spherical or polygonal-shaped cells to fusiform-shaped ones with pseudopodia. MM1 cells were(More)
OBJECTIVE S100A6 and S100A4, two of S100 protein family, have been suggested to be associated with cancer tumorigenesis and metastasis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression levels of S100A6 and S100A4 in matched samples of primary human colorectal adenocarcinomas (T), adjacent normal colorectal mucosa (N) and liver metastases (M). This gave(More)
Fetal calf serum (FCS) and 1-oleoyl lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) were previously found to be potent inducers of invasion (transcellular migration) in an in vitro system. A novel LPA, composed of cyclic phosphate and cyclopropane-containing hexadecanoic acid (PHYLPA), first isolated from myxoamoebae of Physarum polycephalum, and its synthetic derivatives(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) triggers the invasion of a mesothelial cell monolayer by rat ascites hepatoma (MM1) cells. LPA also induces rapid morphological changes of MM1 cells, cell surface blebbing and pseudopodia formation. Pseudopodia formation is tightly correlated with cellular invasiveness. Clostridium Botulinum C3 exoenzyme and genistein abrogated(More)
Although the mechanism is unknown, infiltration anesthetics are believed to have membrane-stabilizing action. We report here that such a most commonly used anesthetic, lidocaine, effectively inhibited the invasive ability of human cancer (HT1080, HOS, and RPMI-7951) cells at concentrations used in surgical operations (5-20 mM). Ectodomain shedding of(More)
BACKGROUND Co-stimulation with lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and fibronectin (FN) is essential for migration of rat ascites hepatoma MMI cells. We examined the roles of LPA and FN in Rho-FAK pathway to migration. MATERIALS AND METHODS We evaluated the morphology, phagokinetic motility and the status of Rho activation and tyrosine-phosphorylation of FAK(More)
We have previously shown that the transcellular migration of rat ascites hepatoma (AH130-MM1) cells through a cultured mesothelial cell monolayer (MCL) is triggered with lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) that stimulates actin polymerization and myosin light chain phosphorylation through the activation of Rho-ROCK (Rho-kinase) cascade. When, however, the motility(More)
The mevalonate metabolic pathway is necessary for the isoprenylation of a number of small GTPases. We have previously presented that Rho plays a pivotal role in 1-oleoyl-lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-induced invasion of rat ascites hepatoma MM1 cells. Herein we report the effect of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, fluvastatin and lovastatin, on the in vitro(More)