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Pombe Cdc15 homology (PCH) proteins play an important role in a variety of actin-based processes, including clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME). The defining feature of the PCH proteins is an evolutionarily conserved EFC/F-BAR domain for membrane association and tubulation. In the present study, we solved the crystal structures of the EFC domains of human(More)
Photosynthesis converts light energy into biologically useful chemical energy vital to life on Earth. The initial reaction of photosynthesis takes place in photosystem II (PSII), a 700-kilodalton homodimeric membrane protein complex that catalyses photo-oxidation of water into dioxygen through an S-state cycle of the oxygen evolving complex (OEC). The(More)
The multi-subunit DNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RNAP) is the principal enzyme of transcription for gene expression. Transcription is regulated by various transcription factors. Gre factor homologue 1 (Gfh1), found in the Thermus genus, is a close homologue of the well-conserved bacterial transcription factor GreA, and inhibits transcription initiation and(More)
The core binding factor (CBF) heterodimeric transcription factors comprised of AML/CBFA/PEBP2alpha/Runx and CBFbeta/PEBP2beta subunits are essential for differentiation of hematopoietic and bone cells, and their mutation is intimately related to the development of acute leukemias and cleidocranial dysplasia. Here, we present the crystal structures of the(More)
c-Myb, but not avian myeloblastosis virus (AMV) v-Myb, cooperates with C/EBP beta to regulate transcription of myeloid-specific genes. To assess the structural basis for that difference, we determined the crystal structures of complexes comprised of the c-Myb or AMV v-Myb DNA-binding domain (DBD), the C/EBP beta DBD, and a promoter DNA fragment. Within the(More)
The major facilitator superfamily glucose transporters, exemplified by human GLUT1-4, have been central to the study of solute transport. Using lipidic cubic phase crystallization and microfocus X-ray diffraction, we determined the structure of human GLUT3 in complex with D-glucose at 1.5 Å resolution in an outward-occluded conformation. The high-resolution(More)
We report a method of femtosecond crystallography for solving radiation damage-free crystal structures of large proteins at sub-angstrom spatial resolution, using a large single crystal and the femtosecond pulses of an X-ray free-electron laser (XFEL). We demonstrated the performance of the method by determining a 1.9-Å radiation damage-free structure of(More)
Norovirus 3C-like proteases are crucial to proteolytic processing of norovirus polyproteins. We determined the crystal structure of the 3C-like protease from Chiba virus, a norovirus, at 2.8-A resolution. An active site including Cys139 and His30 is present, as is a hydrogen bond network that stabilizes the active site conformation. In the oxyanion hole(More)
1 Kanagawa Academy of Science and tion assays, and atomic force microscopy confirmed that the interaction of c-Myb and C/EBP␤ observed in Technology (KAST) 3-9 Fukuura crystal mimics their long range interaction on the promoter , which is accompanied by intervening DNA Kanazawa-ku Yokohama 236-0004 looping. Japan Japan the DNA into sufficiently close(More)
The adiponectin receptors (AdipoR1 and AdipoR2) are membrane proteins with seven transmembrane helices. These receptors regulate glucose and fatty acid metabolism, thereby ameliorating type 2 diabetes. The full-length human AdipoR1 and a series of N-terminally truncated mutants of human AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 were expressed in insect cells. In small-scale size(More)