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BACKGROUND Major abdominal surgery accompanies the higher magnitude of physiological stress response and may require an additional replacement fluid for the redistributed volume. Intraoperative(More)
AIM To determine the relationship between obstructed defaecation syndrome (ODS) and rectoceles. METHOD From December 2007 to November 2011, all female patients with ODS were prospectively evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND As for cervical spine injury, special consideration for airway management is required but the optimal strategy remains controversial. Direct laryngoscopy (DL) creates some degree of(More)