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New analytical strategies for phosphoproteomics, both experimental and computational, have been rapidly introduced in recent years, leading to novel biological findings on the role of protein phosphorylation, which have in turn stimulated further development of the analytical techniques. In this review, we describe the development of analytical strategies(More)
Human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) is the primary component of the amyloid deposits found in the pancreatic islets of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, it is unknown how amyloid fibrils are formed in vivo. In this study, we demonstrate that gangliosides play an essential role in the formation of amyloid deposits by hIAPP on plasma(More)
Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) sections mounted on microscope slides are one of the largest available resources for retrospective research on various diseases, but quantitative phosphoproteome analysis of FFPE sections has never been achieved because of the extreme difficulty of procuring sufficient phosphopeptides from the limited amounts of(More)
Protein kinase selectivity is largely governed by direct binding to the target site(s) on the substrate. Thus, substrate determinants identified from sequences around phosphorylation sites are desirable resources for matching kinases to their substrates. In this study, we tried to identify kinase-selective substrate determinants, including motif sequences,(More)
A pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the deposition of amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) in fibrillar form on neuronal cells. However, the role of Abeta fibrils in neuronal dysfunction is highly controversial. This study demonstrates that monosialoganglioside GM1 (GM1) released from damaged neurons catalyzes the formation of Abeta fibrils, the(More)
Synapsins are neuronal phosphoproteins that coat synaptic vesicles and are believed to function in the regulation of neurotransmitter release. The signaling mechanism for short-chain free fatty acid (SCFA)-stimulated NE release was examined using primary-cultured mouse sympathetic cervical ganglion neurons. Pharmacological and knockdown experiments showed(More)
The abnormal aggregation and deposition of amyloid beta protein (Abeta) on neuronal cells are critical to the onset of Alzheimer's disease. The entity (oligomers or fibrils) of toxic Abeta species responsible for the pathogenesis of the disease has been controversial. We have reported that the Abeta aggregates on ganglioside-rich domains of neuronal PC12(More)
The conversion of soluble, non-toxic amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) to aggregated, toxic Abeta could be the key step in the development of Alzheimer's disease. Liposomal studies have proposed that Abeta-(1-40) preferentially recognizes a cholesterol-dependent cluster of gangliosides and a conformationally altered form of Abeta promotes the aggregation of the(More)
The aggregation (fibril formation) of amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) is considered to be a crucial step in the etiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The inhibition of Abeta aggregation and/or decomposition of fibrils formed in aqueous solution by small compounds have been studied extensively for the prevention and treatment of AD. However, recent studies(More)
The conversion of soluble, nontoxic amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) to aggregated, toxic Abeta is the key step in the development of Alzheimer's disease. Liposomal studies proposed that Abeta specifically recognizes a cholesterol-dependent cluster of monosialoganglioside GM1 and a conformationally altered form of Abeta promotes the aggregation of the protein.(More)