Masaki Shimoji

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BACKGROUND Programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) negatively regulates antigen receptor signaling upon binding by either of its ligands, programmed cell death ligand 1 or 2 (PD-L1/2). Blockade of this interaction with either PD-1 or PD-L1 antibodies has been successful in the treatment of human cancer, especially melanoma and non-small cell lung cancer. PD-L1(More)
PURPOSE Lung cancers harboring common EGFR mutations respond to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI), whereas exon 20 insertions (Ins20) are resistant to them. However, little is known about mutations in exon 18. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Mutational status of lung cancers between 2001 and 2015 was reviewed. Three representative mutations in exon 18, G719A,(More)
Mutant selective epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs), such as rociletinib and AZD9291, are effective for tumors with T790M secondary mutation that become refractory to first-generation EGFR-TKI. However, acquired resistance to these prospective drugs is anticipated considering the high adaptability of cancer cells and the(More)
In the last 10-15 years, strategies and modalities of lung cancer treatment have changed dramatically. Meanwhile, the treatment objectives, the lung cancers themselves, have also changed, probably owing to early detection by computed tomography and aging of the population. In particular, the proportions of smaller lung cancers, lung adenocarcinomas with(More)
BACKGROUND Several forms of retinal pigment epithelial detachment have been reported. The authors used indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography, which is useful to study the choroidal vasculature and Bruch membrane, to study pigment epithelial detachments. METHODS Ninety-eight pigment epithelial detachments in 75 eyes were classified based on the(More)
Lung cancers harboring common EGFR mutations respond to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI). We previously reported that tumors with exon 18 mutations are particularly sensitive to irreversible second-generation (2G) afatinib compared with first-generation TKIs (1G-TKI). However, data on the mechanisms of acquired resistance to afatinib are limited. We(More)
OBJECTIVE The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is associated with acquired resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in certain non-small cell lung cancers that harbor EGFR mutations. Because no currently available drugs specifically kill cancer cells via EMT, novel treatment strategies that overcome(More)
BACKGROUND Our previous study found unique adenosquamous carcinomas (ADSQs) containing a mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC)-like component and a characteristic p63 staining pattern. This study focused on these unique ADSQs. METHODS Thirty ADSQ cases were studied histologically and by immunohistochemistry for TTF-1 and p63. Of these 30 ADSQs, eight were(More)
Since the World Health Organization histological criteria were published in 1999, several studies have focused on adenosquamous carcinoma of the lung. Therefore, we aimed to clinicopathologically re-evaluate this tumor using immunohistochemical methods. In our hospital, there have been 21 surgically resected adenosquamous carcinomas. The frequency of(More)