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Excess of cancer in patients receiving renal transplantation is well-known in Western countries, but information in Japan remains limited. Our study examined whether excess risk is found in patients receiving renal transplantation in Japan. Between 1970 and 1995, 1155 males and 589 females underwent renal transplantation in 6 hospitals, and a total of(More)
The human fungal pathogen Candida albicans shows a significant lag in growth when diluted into fresh minimal medium. This lag is abolished by the addition of conditioned medium from a high-density culture. The active component of conditioned medium is tyrosol, which is released into the medium continuously during growth. Under conditions permissive for(More)
There are several controversial findings and arguments about the lung weight as a marker of drowning. The aim of the present study was to examine the difference in the lung weight and the amount of pleural effusion between freshwater and saltwater drownings (n=70 and n=75, respectively), in comparison with asphyxiation (n=85) and acute cardiac death (n=82),(More)
The most common method to treat the arthralgic distal radioulnar joint is resection of the entire ulnar head (Darrach procedure). Pain and weak grip strength usually manifest complications related to instability of the distal forearm. In an attempt to mechanically stabilize the distal forearm after ulnar head resection, an endoprosthesis was developed to(More)
In response to high population density or low food supply, the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans enters an alternative larval stage, known as the dauer, that can withstand adverse conditions for prolonged periods. C. elegans senses its population density through a small-molecule signal, traditionally called the dauer pheromone, that it secretes into its(More)
To outline the recent features of methamphetamine-related fatalities from the medico-legal point of view, a retrospective investigation of forensic autopsy cases involving methamphetamine during a 5-year period (1994-1998) in the southern half of Osaka city and surrounding areas (about 1.57 million population) was undertaken. Among 646 autopsy cases,(More)
Head-bobbing walking (HBW) and non-bobbing walking (NBW) of black-headed gulls were compared from kinematic and behavioral/environmental viewpoints. The birds walked with a longer stride length and lower stride frequency during the HBW than during the NBW. With respect to these two parameters, the HBW of black-headed gulls was similar to that of other(More)
Resection of the distal ulna (Darrach operation) is a common method for salvaging the arthrotic distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). However, problems have been reported with this procedure due to residual instability and radioulnar convergence. As a result, several methods of soft tissue stabilization for the unstable distal ulna have been developed. Although(More)
Up-regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression is a major event leading to neovascularization in malignant gliomas. Hypoxia is believed to be the crucial environmental stimulus for this up-regulation. To critically assess this hypothesis, we asked whether the mechanisms defined previously for hypoxia-induced VEGF expression in vitro(More)
We report a possibly first forensic autopsy case of death following a spontaneous recovery from cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) after clinical declaration of death: 'Lazarus phenomenon'. A 65-year-old male with congenital deafness and dumbness was found unconscious in his room at a public home. During pre-hospital and clinical resuscitation including(More)