Masaki Ohkubo

Learn More
OBJECTIVES To study the efficacy and safety of monthly intravenous pulse cyclophosphamide (IVCYC) therapy for progressive interstitial pneumonia in polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM). METHODS Seventeen patients with PM/DM/amyopathic DM (mean age 51.4 +/- 10.4, mean follow-up 32 months) who received IVCYC for progressive interstitial pneumonia between(More)
We used localized 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to study the metabolic changes in the brains of patients with migraine during the interictal period. Measurement of metabolite levels in the occipital visual cortex in six normal subjects and six patients disclosed high lactate levels in the five patients who had experienced a migraine attack within(More)
We used localized H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to study the metabolic changes in the visual cortex of patients with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy. Measurement of metabolite levels in the occipital visual cortex obtained in the dark with seven normal subjects and with four patients (all four of whom had Kearns-Sayre syndrome [KSS]) showed high(More)
Recently, two methods have been proposed for regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) quantitation using [123I]iodoamphetamine (IMP) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). The table look-up (TLU) method has been shown to provide both rCBF and volume of distribution, Vd, images from two SPECT scans, while a single-scan autoradiographic (ARG)(More)
OBJECT The authors of previous studies based on diffusion tensor imaging have indicated that there are two types of peritumoral edema-namely, edema with preserved structural integrity of the glial matrix and edema with compromised glial matrix. The authors of this study hypothesized that functionality of the glutamate (Glu)-glutamine shuttle, a vital(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to develop a simple, noninvasive method for quantifying regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) using 99mTc-ethyl cysteinate dimer (ECD) by a single SPECT scan and single venous sampling. METHODS Using a three-compartment model, we introduced the regional brain fractionation index (BFI), Cb(Ts)/integral of 0-Ts Ca(tau)dtau(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to compare the trapezius muscle blood volume and oxygenation in the stimulation region and in a distant region in the same muscle during acupuncture stimulation (AS). We hypothesized that AS provokes a localized increase in muscle blood volume and oxygenation in the stimulation region. METHODS Two sets of near-infrared(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy and reliability of simple methods of quantifying regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) with 123I-labeled N-isopropyl-p-iodoamphetamine (IMP) and SPECT and to determine which method was best. METHODS Four methods were examined: (a) the microsphere method with continuous withdrawal of arterial(More)
AIM To investigate the usefulness of high-resolution MR imaging in the evaluation of the extracranial facial nerve, compared with surgical findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirteen patients with benign parotid tumours were studied on a 1.5-T MR system with a 3 in circular surface coil. High-resolution T1-weighted spin-echo, T2-weighted fast spin-echo, and(More)
PURPOSE While the acquisition of projection data in a computed tomography (CT) scanner is generally cqrried out once, the projection data is often removed from the system, making further reconstruction with a different reconstruction filter impossible. The reconstruction kernel is one of the most important parameters. To have access to all the(More)