Masaki Ohkubo

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We used localized 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to study the metabolic changes in the brains of patients with migraine during the interictal period. Measurement of metabolite levels in the occipital visual cortex in six normal subjects and six patients disclosed high lactate levels in the five patients who had experienced a migraine attack within(More)
A receptor mapping technique using iodine-123 iomazenil and single-photon emission tomography (SPET) was employed to examine benzodiazepine receptor binding in a patient with Angelman syndrome (AS). AS is characterized by developmental delay, seizures, inappropriate laughter and ataxic movement. In this entity there is a cytogenic deletion of the proximal(More)
We used localized H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to study the metabolic changes in the visual cortex of patients with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy. Measurement of metabolite levels in the occipital visual cortex obtained in the dark with seven normal subjects and with four patients (all four of whom had Kearns-Sayre syndrome [KSS]) showed high(More)
OBJECT The authors of previous studies based on diffusion tensor imaging have indicated that there are two types of peritumoral edema-namely, edema with preserved structural integrity of the glial matrix and edema with compromised glial matrix. The authors of this study hypothesized that functionality of the glutamate (Glu)-glutamine shuttle, a vital(More)
Size and density measurements of objects undertaken using computed tomography (CT) are clinically significant for diagnosis. To evaluate the accuracy of these quantifications, we simulated three-dimensional (3D) CT image blurring; this involved the calculation of the convolution of the 3D object function with the measured 3D point spread function (PSF). We(More)
We evaluated the visibility of hypointensity regions on susceptibility-weighted (SW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A commercial simple phantom filled uniformly with a gel material was demonstrated to include small regions affected by different magnetic susceptibilities compared to their surroundings. For detection of these regions in the phantom, the(More)
The measurement of modulation transfer functions (MTFs) in computed tomography (CT) is often performed by scanning a point source phantom such as a thin wire or a microbead. In these methods the region of interest (ROI) is generally placed on the scanned image to crop the point source response. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of ROI(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to compare the trapezius muscle blood volume and oxygenation in the stimulation region and in a distant region in the same muscle during acupuncture stimulation (AS). We hypothesized that AS provokes a localized increase in muscle blood volume and oxygenation in the stimulation region. METHODS Two sets of near-infrared(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of simplified methods for quantifying rCBF with acetazolamide challenge by using 123I-N-isopropyl-p-iodoamphetamine (IMP) and SPECT with one-point arterial sampling. After acetazolamide administration we quantified rCBF in 12 subjects by the following three methods: (a) the modified microsphere method, (b)(More)