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The sodium channel is a voltage-gated ionic channel essential for the generation of action potentials. It has been reported that the sodium channels purified from the electric organ of Electrophorus electricus (electric eel) and from chick cardiac muscle consist of a single polypeptide of relative molecular mass (Mr) approximately 260,000 (260K), whereas(More)
Structure-function relationships of the sodium channel expressed in Xenopus oocytes have been investigated by the combined use of site-directed mutagenesis and patch-clamp recording. This study provides evidence that the positive charges in segment S4 are involved in the voltage-sensing mechanism for activation of the channel and that the region between(More)
Adiponectin (Ad) is a hormone secreted by adipocytes that regulates energy homeostasis and glucose and lipid metabolism. However, the signaling pathways that mediate the metabolic effects of Ad remain poorly identified. Here we show that phosphorylation and activation of the 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) are stimulated with globular and full-length(More)
The levels of the mRNAs encoding sodium channels I, II and III in various regions of the developing rat central nervous system (from embryonal day 10 to postnatal day 90) have been examined by blot hybridization analysis with specific probes. The three sodium channel mRNAs exhibit different temporal and regional expression patterns. The expression of sodium(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is a phosphorylated acidic glycoprotein that has been implicated in a number of physiological and pathological events, including maintenance or reconfiguration of tissue integrity during inflammatory processes. As such, it is required for stress-induced bone remodeling and certain types of cell-mediated immunity. It also acts in dystrophic(More)
Distinct classes of acetylcholine receptor channels are formed when Xenopus oocytes are injected with combinations of the bovine alpha-, beta-, gamma- and delta- or the alpha-, beta-, gamma- and epsilon-subunit-specific messenger RNAs. The conductance and gating properties of the two classes of channels, in conjunction with the developmental changes in the(More)
In Shaker-group potassium channels the presence of a tyrosine residue, just downstream of the pore signature sequence GYG, determines sensitivity to tetraethylammonium (TEA). The KCNQ family of channels has a variety of amino acid residues in the equivalent position. We studied the effect of TEA on currents generated by KCNQ homomers and heteromers(More)
Bone remodelling, the mechanism by which vertebrates regulate bone mass, comprises two phases, namely resorption by osteoclasts and formation by osteoblasts; osteoblasts are multifunctional cells also controlling osteoclast differentiation. Sympathetic signalling via beta2-adrenergic receptors (Adrb2) present on osteoblasts controls bone formation(More)
By subtraction cloning we previously identified a set of mouse genes (named Nedd1 through Nedd10) with developmentally down-regulated expression in brain. We now show that one such gene, Nedd2, encodes a protein similar to the mammalian interleukin-1 beta-converting enzyme (ICE) and the product of the Caenorhabditis elegans cell death gene ced-3 (CED-3).(More)
The mouse Nedd5 gene encodes a 41.5-kD GTPase similar to the Saccharomyces and Drosophila septins essential for cytokinesis. Nedd5 accumulates near the contractile ring from anaphase through telophase, and finally condenses into the midbody. Microinjection of anti-Nedd5 antibody interferes with cytokinesis, giving rise to binucleated cells. In interphase(More)