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Recent studies indicate the existence of progenitor cells and their potential for neurogenesis in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and the hippocampus dentate gyrus (DG) of normal adult mammalian brain. Increased neurogenesis has been shown following cerebral ischemia and traumatic brain injury; however, the involvement of neurogenesis in subarachnoid(More)
We examined the effects of low protein intake on the development of the remaining kidney in subtotally (5/6) nephrectomized immature rats. Three-week-old rats were kept on a diet containing either 12% protein (Lp rats) or 18% protein (Np rats) for 4 or 8 weeks after subtotal nephrectomy (SUNx). In Western blot analysis, the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS)(More)
We examined the morphological changes in fibers, localization of apoptotic cells, and protein expression of αB-crystallin in the lens of Morioka cataract (MCT) mice, a novel cataract model. Using a scanning electron microscope, swollen lens fibers and enlarged spaces between lens fibers were observed in the lens of 3-week-old MCT mice. At 2 weeks of age(More)
The present study was designed to explore if maternal subtotal (5/6) nephrectomy affects the development of fetal rat kidneys using morphometric methods and examining whether there are any apoptotic changes in the fetal kidney. To generate 5/6 nephrectomized model rats, animals underwent 2/3 left nephrectomy on gestation day (GD) 5 and total right(More)
In the Mongolian gerbil, bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) for several minutes induces ischemia and delayed neuronal cell death in the CA1 region of the hippocampus due to their incomplete Circle of Willis. In the present study, the expression of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2), its receptors (FGFR1 and FGFR2), glial fibrillary acidic(More)
A 48-year-old woman suffered head trauma and presented with an acute epidural hematoma with a linear fracture of the right temporal bone across the middle meningeal groove. Initial angiography demonstrated no vascular abnormalities. Eight months later, she again suffered head trauma and computed tomography demonstrated traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage.(More)
A 58-year-old man presented with sudden onset of severe headache. Computed tomography demonstrated subarachnoid hemorrhage and right acute subdural hematoma. He had no neurological deficits. Cerebral angiography showed an anterior cranial fossa dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) supplied by the bilateral ethmoidal arteries. A fistula was suggested on the(More)
A 60-year-old female presented with a carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) manifesting as left abducens nerve palsy. Left internal carotid digital subtraction angiography showed a persistent primitive trigeminal artery (PPTA) near the CCF. Super-selective angiography showed direct shunt flow between the PPTA trunk aneurysm and the left cavernous sinus. The(More)
BACKGROUND There are no established treatment procedures for repeatedly recurring chronic subdural hematoma (CSH). In this study, we discussed the efficacy of middle meningeal artery (MMA) embolization in preventing recurrence of CSH. METHODS We performed superselective angiography of MMA in four patients who suffered from repeated recurrence of CSH.(More)
We report a case of a 44-year-old woman successfully treated by an epidural blood patch for intracranial hypotension due to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage into the thoracic cavity after thoracic spine surgery. The patient was admitted to our hospital with the complaint of postural headaches. She had received anterior thoracic instrumentation for thoracic(More)