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Among the cases of ruptured aneurysms we have handled, some patients have rebled before surgery was performed. In this study, we examine the factors that contribute to the rerupture of cerebral aneurysms in the acute stage and suggest measures to prevent rerupture prior to surgery. We have encountered 32 cases of rebleeding prior to surgery. The rebleeding(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE The occurrence of spontaneous spinal subarachnoid hematoma of unknown pathogenesis is extremely rare. In the cases reported to date, the hematoma, located dorsal to the spinal cord (dorsal type), has caused paraplegia and has required emergency surgical intervention. CLINICAL PRESENTATION We examined two patients who sustained(More)
The balloon occlusion test (BOT) of the internal carotid artery (ICA), combined with induced hypotension and cerebral blood flow (CBF) mapping, was carried out in three patients with a large or giant aneurysm of the ICA. Occlusion of the ICA for 10 minutes in the normotensive state was followed by 5 minutes of induced hypotension. During the last 2 minutes(More)
PURPOSE Our goal was to analyze the anatomic similarity between the duplicated middle cerebral artery (MCA) and the accessory MCA and their relationship to the early branches of the MCA. METHODS We reviewed stereoscopic angiograms of duplicated MCAs in four patients and accessory MCAs in four patients with reference to the origin, size, and cortical(More)
Variations of the extensor indicis muscle were examined in 164 hands from 86 Japanese cadavers. Anomalous cases exhibiting supernumerary muscles or tendons were found in 22 hands. These variations were classified into four types: type 1, an additional tendon slip from the extensor indicis tendon; type 2, an extensor indicis radialis or extensor pollicis et(More)
To evaluate the usefulness of T1 and T2 values for tissue characterization of brain tumors, 37 histologically confirmed brain tumors were examined with a 0.5-T superconductive MR system. With spin-echo and inversion-recovery imaging sequences, computed T1 and T2 images were reconstructed, and T1 and T2 values of the tumors were calculated. Relaxation rates(More)
Two patients with acute embolic occlusion of the intracranial internal carotid artery and the lenticulostriate arteries were treated by local intraarterial fibrinolysis using tissue plasminogen activator. Although fibrinolysis started within 2.5 hours from the ictus, extravasation of the contrast medium from the lenticulostriate arteries occurred in the(More)
Clinical features of 61 elderly patients aged over 70 years with ruptured intracranial aneurysms were compared with those of 328 younger patients aged under 70 years. According to a policy of early operation, elderly patients with Hunt and Kosnik's grade I, II and younger patients with grade I, II, III were operated on in the acute stage. In elderly(More)
The magnetic resonance appearance of dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) at the cavernous sinus (CS) was studied in six angiographically verified cases. Magnetic resonance clearly demonstrated shunted blood as an area of signal void both in the CS and in the superior ophthalmic vein. The relationship between shunted blood, internal carotid artery, and(More)
 Background: A dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) involving the transverse-sigmoid (T-S) sinus which is occluded at its proximal and distal ends i.e., an isolated sinus, runs the risk of haemorrhaging or causing serious neurological deficits as a result of its retrograde leptomeningeal venous drainage. While lesions of this type have not been considered to(More)