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The incidences of arterial dissection of the vertebral artery (VA) of aortic origin and VA of subclavian artery origin were determined. The origins of the left and right VAs were confirmed by angiography in 860 and 717 patients, respectively. Left VA of aortic origin was found in 21 patients (6 females and 15 males) but no right VA of aortic origin was(More)
The somatotopic representation of facial muscles within the facial nucleus was investigated by means of the retrograde horseradish peroxidase and cell degeneration techniques in the mouse. The nasolabial muscle is represented in the dorsolateral, lateral, and dorsal intermediate subnucleus; the mentalis muscle, in the ventral intermediate subnucleus; the(More)
BACKGROUND A dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) involving the transverse-sigmoid (T-S) sinus which is occluded at its proximal and distal ends i.e., an isolated sinus, runs the risk of haemorrhaging or causing serious neurological deficits as a result of its retrograde leptomeningeal venous drainage. While lesions of this type have not been considered to be(More)
BACKGROUND Many reports have demonstrated a worse prognosis for patients whose cavernomas were subtotally removed than for those whose cavernomas were not surgically treated. Therefore, it is better not to touch the cavernoma if a surgeon is not prepared to totally remove it. This report describes a large brainstem cavernoma showing a spontaneous, dramatic(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE Few reports have been published on ruptured vertebral artery dissecting aneurysms in which the posteroinferior cerebellar artery (PICA) arises from the aneurysm wall, and there is ongoing debate as to the proper management of this type of aneurysm. This article describes two patients. CLINICAL PRESENTATION Both patients presented(More)
Five patients with kissing aneurysms (adherent internal carotid-posterior communicating artery and ipsilateral internal carotid-anterior choroidal artery aneurysms) are reported. There was female predominance and the subarachnoid hemorrhage was commonly due to rupture of the proximal posterior communicating artery aneurysm. Despite the demonstration of(More)
BACKGROUND Though familial intracranial aneurysms are well documented, only a few cases of intracranial aneurysms in identical twins have been reported. CASE REPORT Our patient, a 46-year-old woman, presented with a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to a ruptured aneurysm. At the age of 36, her identical twin sister had also suffered SAH from a ruptured(More)
To improve cerebral hypoperfusion in the ischemic type of Moyamoya disease, we have applied superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) double anastomoses in combination with encephalo-myo-synangiosis (EMS) for 19 hemispheres of 10 children (age from 5 to 11 years at surgery). Two branches of the STA were anastomosed to the two cortical(More)
A combined anterior and lateral approach to the anterior cervical spinal canal with fusion was performed on five patients with cervical dumbbell-shaped tumors. The procedure consists of anterior discectomy and ipsilateral uncectomy, and removal of the posterolateral corners and posterior transverse ridges of the upper and lower vertebral bodies at the level(More)
A 76-year-old male developed left hemiparesis in July 1991. The diagnosis was thrombosed giant vertebral artery aneurysm. He showed progressive symptoms and signs of brainstem compression, but refused surgery and was followed up without treatment. He died of rupture of the aneurysm and underwent autopsy in March 1995. Histological examination of the(More)