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Patients with focal dystonia take advantage of certain cutaneous or proprioceptive sensory inputs to alleviate their symptoms ("sensory trick"). We examined the effects of increasing muscle spindle activity by the tonic vibration reflex maneuver and decreasing it by intramuscular injection of lidocaine. The vibration was applied to the palm or the tendon of(More)
Using primary cultures of murine cerebral cortices, we investigated the developmental expression of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunits in relation to the appearance of NMDA receptor-mediated glutamate neurotoxicity. The cultures were not affected by glutamate exposure on culture days 7-9, but became sensitive to glutamate neurotoxicity on day 11.(More)
We examined the potential neurotrophic effects of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 on the survival and differentiation of neurons cultured from the rat developing striatum at embryonic day 16, a period during which the mRNAs for BMP-2 and its receptor subunits (types IA, IB, and II) were detected. BMP-2 exerted potent activity to promote the survival of(More)
We have investigated the expression patterns of a basic helix-loop-helix regulatory gene, neuroD, in primary cultures of murine cerebral cortical neurons. The differentiation states of neurons in primary cultures were determined by the sensitivity of neurons to glutamate toxicity and the expression of specific proteins such as the phosphorylated form of a(More)
Distribution and development of growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R) mRNA expression in rat brain and pituitary gland were examined using ribonuclease protection assay. In adult male rats, GHS-R mRNA levels were highest in the pituitary gland, whereas those in the hypothalamus and hippocampus were 57 and 30% of those in the pituitary gland,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the physiological abnormality in writer's cramp, a focal dystonia which specifically affects writing. METHODS We recorded brain potentials that precede hand and neck movements (contingent negative variation or CNV) in 11 patients and 11 age-matched normal subjects. A 1000 Hz tone burst (S1) was delivered to the right or left ear(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a major cause of adult chronic inflammatory arthritis and a typical complex trait. Although several genetic determinants have been identified, they account for only a part of the genetic susceptibility. We conducted a genome-wide association study of RA in Japanese using 225,079 SNPs genotyped in 990 cases and 1,236 controls(More)
After the intracisternal injection of three protease inhibitors which prevent the degradation of methionine enkephalin (amastatin, Des-Pro2-bradykinin, and phosphoramidon) and a mixture of these protease inhibitors, we investigated the effect on convulsive seizures in the seizure-susceptible El mouse. We also measured the cerebral methionine enkephalin(More)
OBJECTIVE Th17 has been shown to have a pivotal role in the development of arthritis. However, the role of IL-17 in the T cell-independent effector phase has not fully been examined. We investigated whether IL-17 is involved in the effector phase of arthritis by using K/BxN serum-induced arthritis model. METHODS K/BxN serum was transferred into IL-17(More)