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To discover susceptibility genes of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD), we conducted a 3-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) using three populations: Japanese from the Japanese Genetic Consortium for Alzheimer Disease (JGSCAD), Koreans, and Caucasians from the Alzheimer Disease Genetic Consortium (ADGC). In Stage 1, we evaluated data for 5,877,918(More)
Missense mutations of the tau gene cause autosomal dominant frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17), an illness characterized by progressive personality changes, dementia, and parkinsonism. There is prominent frontotemporal lobe atrophy of the brain accompanied by abundant tau accumulation with neurofibrillary tangles and(More)
The aim of this study is to clarify the relationship of microglia to phosphorylated tau accumulation and the characteristics of microglial activation in brain lesions of human tauopathies in comparison to mutant tau transgenic (TG) mice. We performed immunocytochemical analyses of brains from six patients with tauopathies, and 24 mice (18 TG mice expressing(More)
To clarify whether amyloid beta protein (Abeta) amyloidosis induces a disturbance of cholinergic system leading to long-term memory deficits, we continuously examined memory disturbance using the passive-avoidance task, and measured Abeta burden and concentrations of acetylcholine in the brain of APPsw transgenic mice. Repetitive retention trials of the(More)
A recent report showed that the accumulation of alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) was detected in the brains of one-third of Alzheimer's disease and Down syndrome patients. However, the relationship between amyloid-beta protein (Abeta) and alpha-syn remains unclear. We analyzed the relation between the mutation of presenilin-1 (PS-1) and the pathological features(More)
Aggregation and cytotoxicity of misfolded alpha-synuclein are postulated to be crucial in the disease processes of Parkinson's disease (PD) and other synucleinopathies. Mutations in the alpha-synuclein gene in some pedigrees of familial PD have been reported. The mutant alpha-synuclein has been reported to form fibrillar aggregates resulting in biochemical(More)
In Alzheimer's disease, Aβ deposits are considered the initial cardinal events that induce tauopathy secondarily. However, the relationship between Aβ amyloidosis and tauopathy has not been determined in detail. We produced double transgenic mice, 2×TgTau(+/-) APP(+/-) , by mating Tg2576 mice that exhibit Aβ amyloidosis and TgTauP301L mice that show(More)
Missense point mutations, duplication and triplication in the alpha-synuclein (alphaSYN) gene have been identified in familial Parkinson's disease (PD). Familial and sporadic PD show common pathological features of alphaSYN pathologies, e.g., Lewy bodies (LBs) and Lewy neurites (LNs), and a loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra that leads to(More)
To clarify how Abeta deposits start in the brain, we examined the early to late stages of senile plaques and amyloid angiopathy in APPsw mice. All types of human senile plaques were observed in the mouse brains. The premature forms of cored plaques appeared first in the cerebral cortex of mice at 7-8 months old. Then, amyloid angiopathy emerged, followed by(More)
Recapitulation of tau pathologies in an animal model has been a long-standing goal in neurodegenerative disease research. We generated transgenic (TgTauP301L) mice expressing a frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTPD-17) mutation within the longest form of tau (2N, 4R). TgTauP301L mice developed florid pathology including(More)