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To discover susceptibility genes of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD), we conducted a 3-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) using three populations: Japanese from the Japanese Genetic Consortium for Alzheimer Disease (JGSCAD), Koreans, and Caucasians from the Alzheimer Disease Genetic Consortium (ADGC). In Stage 1, we evaluated data for 5,877,918(More)
A large scale multicenter study of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tau levels was conducted to determine the cut-off value, sensitivity and specificity for clinical usage as a biomarker of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Its use for early and differential diagnosis and the factors that increase CSF tau levels were also examined. CSF samples from a total of 1,031(More)
Abeta amyloidosis and tauopathy are characteristic changes in the brain of Alzheimer's disease. Although much evidence suggests that Abeta deposit is a critical initiation factor, the pathological pathway between Abeta amyloidosis and tau accumulation remains unclear. Tau accumulation was examined in the doubly transgenic mouse (APP-PS) expressing(More)
Missense mutations of the tau gene cause autosomal dominant frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17), an illness characterized by progressive personality changes, dementia, and parkinsonism. There is prominent frontotemporal lobe atrophy of the brain accompanied by abundant tau accumulation with neurofibrillary tangles and(More)
We report an autopsy case of a 75-year-old Japanese woman with motor neuron disease (MND) showing numerous neuronal and glial inclusions immunostained with anti-fused in sarcoma (FUS) antibody. At 73 years, she received a diagnosis of MND and died of respiratory insufficiency 2 years later. No mutation was found in all exons of the FUS gene.(More)
The aim of this study is to clarify the relationship of microglia to phosphorylated tau accumulation and the characteristics of microglial activation in brain lesions of human tauopathies in comparison to mutant tau transgenic (TG) mice. We performed immunocytochemical analyses of brains from six patients with tauopathies, and 24 mice (18 TG mice expressing(More)
Here we report a Japanese family with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) characterized by very rapid progression, high penetrance and an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. The phenotype includes atrophy of sternocleidomastoideus muscles, bulbar involvement, weakness of neck muscles and proximal muscle atrophy. These clinical symptoms are reminiscent(More)
Missense point mutations, duplication and triplication in the alpha-synuclein (alphaSYN) gene have been identified in familial Parkinson's disease (PD). Familial and sporadic PD show common pathological features of alphaSYN pathologies, e.g., Lewy bodies (LBs) and Lewy neurites (LNs), and a loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra that leads to(More)
We isolated two different genomic DNAs (UprbcS1 and UprbcS2) encoding the small subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase and portions of the 5′- and 3′-flanking regions from sterile Ulva pertusa Kjellman. The UprbcS1 and UprbcS2 genes had three introns in the coding region. Each predicted UprbcS polypeptide was a 180-amino-acid (AA)(More)
Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a cognitive syndrome characterized by progressive and isolated language impairments due to neurodegenerative diseases. Recently, an international group of experts published a Consensus Classification of the three PPA clinical variants (naPPA, svPPA and lvPPA). We analyzed 24 patients with PPA by cognitive functions,(More)