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To discover susceptibility genes of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD), we conducted a 3-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) using three populations: Japanese from the Japanese Genetic Consortium for Alzheimer Disease (JGSCAD), Koreans, and Caucasians from the Alzheimer Disease Genetic Consortium (ADGC). In Stage 1, we evaluated data for 5,877,918(More)
The more important web searching becomes, the more we have to focus on the " same name " problem in web searches. In this paper, we report our algorithm for disambiguating person names in web search results. It is a document clustering algorithm based on hierarchical agglomerative clustering using named entities, compound keywords, and URLs as features for(More)
A large scale multicenter study of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tau levels was conducted to determine the cut-off value, sensitivity and specificity for clinical usage as a biomarker of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Its use for early and differential diagnosis and the factors that increase CSF tau levels were also examined. CSF samples from a total of 1,031(More)
Missense mutations of the tau gene cause autosomal dominant frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17), an illness characterized by progressive personality changes, dementia, and parkinsonism. There is prominent frontotemporal lobe atrophy of the brain accompanied by abundant tau accumulation with neurofibrillary tangles and(More)
The aim of this study is to clarify the relationship of microglia to phosphorylated tau accumulation and the characteristics of microglial activation in brain lesions of human tauopathies in comparison to mutant tau transgenic (TG) mice. We performed immunocytochemical analyses of brains from six patients with tauopathies, and 24 mice (18 TG mice expressing(More)
To clarify whether amyloid beta protein (Abeta) amyloidosis induces a disturbance of cholinergic system leading to long-term memory deficits, we continuously examined memory disturbance using the passive-avoidance task, and measured Abeta burden and concentrations of acetylcholine in the brain of APPsw transgenic mice. Repetitive retention trials of the(More)
A recent report showed that the accumulation of alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) was detected in the brains of one-third of Alzheimer's disease and Down syndrome patients. However, the relationship between amyloid-beta protein (Abeta) and alpha-syn remains unclear. We analyzed the relation between the mutation of presenilin-1 (PS-1) and the pathological features(More)
Surrogate markers for the Alzheimer disease (AD)-associated 42-amino acid form of amyloid-beta (Abeta42) have been sought because they may aid in the diagnosis of AD and for clarification of disease pathogenesis. Here, we demonstrate that human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) contains three APLP1-derived Abeta-like peptides (APL1beta) that are generated by beta-(More)
We examined the brains of Tg2576 transgenic mice carrying human amyloid precursor protein with the Swedish mutation and Alzheimer's disease (AD) by means of immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy to clarify the characteristics of amyloid-associated pathology in the transgenic mice. In 12- to 29-month-old Tg2576 mice, congophilic cored plaques in the(More)