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UNLABELLED It is unclear how hepatic adiponectin resistance and sensitivity mediated by the adiponectin receptor, AdipoR2, contributes to the progression of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The aim of this study was to examine the roles of hepatic AdipoR2 in NASH, using an animal model. We fed C57BL/6 mice a methionine-deficient and choline-deficient(More)
Angiopoietin (Ang) signaling plays a role in angiogenesis and remodeling of blood vessels through the receptor tyrosine kinase Tie2, which is expressed on blood vessel endothelial cells (BECs). Recently it has been shown that Ang-2 is crucial for the formation of lymphatic vasculature and that defects in lymphangiogenesis seen in Ang-2 mutant mice are(More)
Angiopoietin-related growth factor (AGF), a member of the angiopoietin-like protein (Angptl) family, is secreted predominantly from the liver into the systemic circulation. Here, we show that most (>80%) of the AGF-deficient mice die at about embryonic day 13, whereas the surviving AGF-deficient mice develop marked obesity, lipid accumulation in skeletal(More)
We report here the identification of angiopoietin-related growth factor (AGF) as a positive mediator for angiogenesis. To investigate the biologic function of AGF in angiogenesis, we analyzed the vasculature in the dermis of transgenic mice expressing AGF in mouse epidermal keratinocytes (K14-AGF). K14-AGF transgenic mice were grossly red, especially in the(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively compare thin-section computed tomographic (CT) findings of Chlamydia pneumoniae pneumonia with those of Streptococcus pneumoniae pneumonia and Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board and patient informed consent were not required. Twenty-four patients with C pneumoniae pneumonia (17 men,(More)
Angiopoietin-like protein (Angptl) 1 and Angptl2, which are considered orphan ligands, are highly homologous, particularly in the fibrinogen-like domain containing the putative receptor binding site. This similarity suggests potentially cooperative functions between the two proteins. In this report, the function of Angptl1 and Angptl2 is analyzed by using(More)
Metabolic syndrome is an increasingly prevalent problem, so effective therapeutic approaches to combat it are currently of interest. Recently, orphan ligands with structural similarity to angiopoietins were identified in the systemic circulation, and have been designated angiopoietin-like proteins (Angptls). Angptl3 and Angptl4 have been shown to regulate(More)
OBJECTIVE Transgenic mice overexpressing angiopoietin-related growth factor (AGF) exhibit enhanced angiogenesis, suggesting that AGF may be a useful drug target in ischemic disease. Our goal was to determine whether AGF enhances blood flow in a mouse hind-limb ischemia model and to define molecular mechanisms underlying AGF signaling in endothelial cells.(More)
Angiopoietin-like proteins (Angptls) are known to possess biological activities not only in the vascular system, but in the other mammalian tissues; however, their expression patterns and function in embryogenesis have not been extensively characterized. Here, we identify three zebrafish genes (Zangptl1, Zangptl2 and Zangptl6) highly homologous to mammalian(More)
Jones, Keith A., Gilbert Y. Wong, Christopher J. Jankowski, Masaki Akao, and David O. Warner. cGMP modulation of Ca21 sensitivity in airway smooth muscle. Am. J. Physiol. 276 (Lung Cell. Mol. Physiol. 20): L35–L40, 1999.—A b-escin-permeabilized canine tracheal smooth muscle preparation was used to test the hypothesis that cGMP decreases Ca21 sensitivity in(More)