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Genome-wide RNA interference (RNAi) screens have identified near-complete sets of genes involved in cellular processes. However, this methodology has not yet been used to study complex developmental processes in a tissue-specific manner. Here we report the use of a library of Drosophila strains expressing inducible hairpin RNAi constructs to study the Notch(More)
Synaptic vesicles (SVs) are retrieved by clathrin-mediated endocytosis at the nerve terminals. Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2] drives this event by recruiting the components of the endocytic machinery. However, the molecular mechanisms that result in local generation of PI(4,5)P2 remain unclear. We demonstrate here that AP-2 complex(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase (PIP-5kin) regulates actin cytoskeletal reorganization through its product phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. In the present study we demonstrate that PIP-5kin is essential for neurite remodeling, which is regulated by actin cytoskeletal reorganization in neuroblastoma N1E-115 cells. Overexpression of wild-type(More)
Proper neutrophil migration into inflammatory sites ensures host defense without tissue damage. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI(3)K) and its lipid product phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3)) regulate cell migration, but the role of PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3)-degrading enzymes in this process is poorly understood. Here, we show that Src(More)
In Drosophila, planar cell polarity (PCP) molecules such as Dachsous (Ds) may function as global directional cues directing the asymmetrical localization of PCP core proteins such as Frizzled (Fz). However, the relationship between Ds asymmetry and Fz localization in the eye is opposite to that in the wing, thereby causing controversy regarding how these(More)
The concentrations of 29 major to trace elements in rat bones (femur) aging from 5 to 113 weeks old were determined. The samples were decomposed by high purity nitric acid and hydrogen peroxide. Nine elements (Na, Mg, P, K, Ca, Fe, Ni, Zn, and Sr) were determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) and 20 elements (Li, B,(More)
The signaling pathway that triggers morphological differentiation of PC12 cells is mediated by extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), the classic mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase. However, mediators of the pathway downstream of ERK have not been identified. We show here that phospholipase D2 (PLD2), which generates the pleiotropic signaling(More)
Phosphorylated derivatives of phosphatidylinositol, collectively referred to as phosphoinositides, occur in the cytoplasmic leaflet of cellular membranes and regulate activities such as vesicle transport, cytoskeletal reorganization and signal transduction. Recent studies have indicated an important role for phosphoinositide metabolism in the aetiology of(More)
Stimulation of the neuronal cell adhesion molecule L1 in cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs) enhances neurite outgrowth and this response is inhibited by the primary alcohol ethanol. Because primary alcohols suppress the formation of the signaling lipid phosphatidic acid (PA) by phospholipase D (PLD), this observation prompted us to investigate whether PLD(More)