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Genome-wide RNA interference (RNAi) screens have identified near-complete sets of genes involved in cellular processes. However, this methodology has not yet been used to study complex developmental processes in a tissue-specific manner. Here we report the use of a library of Drosophila strains expressing inducible hairpin RNAi constructs to study the Notch(More)
Proper neutrophil migration into inflammatory sites ensures host defense without tissue damage. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI(3)K) and its lipid product phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3)) regulate cell migration, but the role of PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3)-degrading enzymes in this process is poorly understood. Here, we show that Src(More)
Synaptic vesicles (SVs) are retrieved by clathrin-mediated endocytosis at the nerve terminals. Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2] drives this event by recruiting the components of the endocytic machinery. However, the molecular mechanisms that result in local generation of PI(4,5)P2 remain unclear. We demonstrate here that AP-2 complex(More)
In Drosophila, planar cell polarity (PCP) molecules such as Dachsous (Ds) may function as global directional cues directing the asymmetrical localization of PCP core proteins such as Frizzled (Fz). However, the relationship between Ds asymmetry and Fz localization in the eye is opposite to that in the wing, thereby causing controversy regarding how these(More)
The concentrations of 29 major to trace elements in rat bones (femur) aging from 5 to 113 weeks old were determined. The samples were decomposed by high purity nitric acid and hydrogen peroxide. Nine elements (Na, Mg, P, K, Ca, Fe, Ni, Zn, and Sr) were determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) and 20 elements (Li, B,(More)
UNLABELLED Inositol polyphosphate 4-phosphatase B (INPP4B) has been identified as a tumor suppressor mutated in human breast, ovary, and prostate cancers. The molecular mechanism underlying INPP4B's tumor-suppressive role is currently unknown. Here, we demonstrate that INPP4B restrains tumor development by dephosphorylating the PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 that(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase (PIP-5kin) regulates actin cytoskeletal reorganization through its product phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. In the present study we demonstrate that PIP-5kin is essential for neurite remodeling, which is regulated by actin cytoskeletal reorganization in neuroblastoma N1E-115 cells. Overexpression of wild-type(More)
Phosphorylated derivatives of phosphatidylinositol, collectively referred to as phosphoinositides, occur in the cytoplasmic leaflet of cellular membranes and regulate activities such as vesicle transport, cytoskeletal reorganization and signal transduction. Recent studies have indicated an important role for phosphoinositide metabolism in the aetiology of(More)
The small GTPase RhoA regulates a wide spectrum of cellular functions including transformation and cytoskeletal reorganization. A large number of proteins have been identified as targets of RhoA, but their specific roles in these processes are not clear. Phospholipase D (PLD) was shown to be one such target several years ago; more recent work from our(More)