Masakazu Yamagishi

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BACKGROUND Pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiate into a variety of cells, including cardiomyocytes and vascular endothelial cells. However, little information is available about the therapeutic potency of MSC transplantation in cases of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), an important cause of heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated(More)
To investigate hemodynamic and hormonal effects of ghrelin, a novel growth hormone (GH)-releasing peptide, we gave six healthy men an intravenous bolus of human ghrelin (10 microg/kg) or placebo and vice versa 1-2 wk apart in a randomized fashion. Ghrelin elicited a marked increase in circulating GH (15-fold). The elevation of GH lasted longer than 60 min(More)
The neurobiological basis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) remains poorly understood. Given the role of CD38 in social recognition through oxytocin (OT) release, we hypothesized that CD38 may play a role in the etiology of ASD. Here, we first examined the immunohistochemical expression of CD38 in the hypothalamus of post-mortem brains of non-ASD subjects(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the regressive effects of aggressive lipid-lowering therapy with atorvastatin on coronary plaque volume (PV) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are generalized for other statins in multicenter setting. BACKGROUND A previous single-center study reported beneficial regressive effects(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was performed to assess a new indicator of regional left ventricular contraction determined by a two-dimensional tissue Doppler imaging technique. BACKGROUND Recent studies have demonstrated that instantaneous tissue motion velocity can be noninvasively assessed by tissue Doppler imaging. However, quantitative assessment of regional(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) have been frequently complicated with ascending aortic dilation possibly because of hemodynamic burdens by aortic stenosis (AS) or regurgitation (AR) or congenital fragility of the aortic wall. METHODS AND RESULTS To clarify if the aortic dilation could be prevented by aortic valve replacement (AVR) in(More)
Seventy patients with olfactory disorders following upper respiratory viral infection (URVI) were studied clinically, and the olfactory mucosa of 13 patients was biopsied using special biopsy forceps. The specimens were examined using immunohistochemical staining for neuron-specific enolase (NSE), S-100 protein (S-100), cytokeratin (CK), and proliferating(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that intensive lipid-lowering therapy using statins significantly decreases atheromatous plaque volume. The effect of rosuvastatin on plaque volume in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD), including those receiving prior lipid-lowering therapy, was examined in the present study. METHODS AND RESULTS A 76-week(More)
PURPOSE This study was undertaken to assess the association between acute hyperglycemia and inhospital outcome after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) era. We also assessed outcome of patients with a history of diabetes mellitus in the PCI era. METHODS Between January 2001 and December 2001, 1253 patients(More)
Gate-voltage dependence of carrier mobility is measured in high-performance field-effect transistors of rubrene single crystals by simultaneous detection of the longitudinal conductivity sigma(square) and Hall coefficient R(H). The Hall mobility mu(H) (identical with sigma(square)R(H)) reaches nearly 10 cm(2)/V s when relatively low-density carriers(More)