Masakazu Toriumi

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Poorly controlled type 2 or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients exhibit high bone turnover, which decelerate with treatment according to the degree of improvement in glycemic control. In adults, higher bone turnover results in rapid bone loss. Therefore, deceleration of bone turnover is beneficial for bone. Troglitazone (Tro), a new(More)
Two new triterpene benzoates, 5-dehydrokarounidiol dibenzoate (1) and karounidiol dibenzoate (2), and two new triterpene glycosides, 5alpha,6alpha-epoxymogroside IE(1) (8) and 11-oxomogroside A(1) (9), along with 15 known triterpenoids (one triterpene benzoate, 3; three triterpene mono-ols, 4-6; one triterpene aglycon, 7; and 10 triterpene glycosides,(More)
The structures of three triterpene alcohols isolated from the latex of Euphorbia antiquorum were established to be eupha-7,9(11),24-trien-3beta-ol (2; antiquol C), 19(10-->9)abeo-8alpha,9beta,10alpha-eupha-5,24-dien-3beta-ol (3; antiquol B), and 24-methyltirucalla-8,24(24(1))-dien-3beta-ol (4; euphorbol) on the basis of spectroscopic methods. Compounds 3(More)
Seven new triterpene glycosides, bryoniosides A-G (1-7), have been isolated along with two known triterpene glycosides, cabenoside D (8) and bryoamaride (9), from a methanol extract of the roots of Bryoniadioica. The structures of 1-7 were determined on the basis of spectroscopic and chemical methods. Six compounds, 2, 3, 5, and 7-9, and 11 compounds, 1-9,(More)
Endocrine disorders associated with diabetes mellitus are described. When blood glucose control deteriorates, observed endocrine abnormalities are as follows. 1) Blood GH levels increase. This elevation is small but enough to disturb insulin secretion and glucose metabolism. Plama insulin-like growth factor-1 levels decrease in spite of their strong(More)