Masakazu Takazoe

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The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis, are chronic inflammatory disorders of the digestive tract. The pathogenesis of IBD is complicated, and it is widely accepted that immunologic, environmental and genetic components contribute to its etiology. To identify genetic susceptibility factors in CD, we performed a(More)
Inflammatory bowel diseases, Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis are characterised by chronic transmural, segmental and typically granulomatous inflammation of the gut. Each has a peak age of onset in the second to fourth decades of life and prevalence has been increasing significantly in both Western countries and Japan over the last decade, while(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the application of free-breathing diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) to the assessment of disease activity in Crohn's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-one patients with Crohn's disease were investigated using free-breathing DWI without special patient preparation or IV or intraluminal contrast agent. The bowel was divided into(More)
Chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), specifically Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), have increased significantly in western countries and Japan over the last decade, but very little is known about their pathogenesis. A candidate-gene approach recently identified NOD2/CARD15 as one susceptibility gene from the IBD1 locus on chromosome(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Interleukin-6 (IL-6) regulates immune response and inflammation. We carried out a pilot placebo-controlled study to investigate the efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and safety of MRA, a humanized monoclonal antibody to IL-6 receptor, in patients with active Crohn's disease. METHODS Thirty-six patients with active Crohn's disease (Crohn's(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Immunosuppressive therapy with intravenous ciclosporin is an alternative treatment option to total colectomy for patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), while the benefits of oral administration of tacrolimus are not well defined and are based on reports of several uncontrolled studies. METHODS Patients with refractory active UC were(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS A number of genome-wide association studies have been performed as a robust means of identifying susceptibility loci for Crohn's disease (CD). The loci detected after the completion of the HapMap project are quite concordant among these studies, suggesting that the results are reliable. Recently, the Wellcome Trust Case Control(More)
Crohn disease (CD) is an inflammatory bowel disease characterized by chronic transmural, segmental, and typically granulomatous inflammation of the gut. Recently, two novel candidate gene loci associated with CD, SLC22A4 and SLC22A5 on chromosome 5 known as IBD5 and DLG5 on chromosome 10, were identified through association analysis of Caucasian CD(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Previous studies have shown a positive association of HLA-DR4-DQ4 with Crohn's disease in the Japanese population, but the association between Crohn's disease and HLA genes has yet to be fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to determine the Crohn's disease/HLA association using a DNA typing method. METHODS A total of 90 unrelated(More)
Active Crohn’s disease (CD) is often associated with elevated levels of platelets, granulocytes, and monocytes that are activated and resistant to apoptosis. The level of neutrophils in the intestinal mucosa has been quantitatively related to the severity of intestinal inflammation in CD. We postulated that patients with CD that is refractory to(More)